Overview

Comprehensive Description

Brief

Flowering class: Monocot Habit: Shrub
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Distribution

"
Global Distribution

India and Sri Lanka

Indian distribution

State - Kerala, District/s: All Districts

"
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Bambusa arundo Nees:
India (Asia)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Arundo bambos L.:
India (Asia)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Bambusa orientalis Nees:
India (Asia)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Bambusa bambos (L.) Voss:
Burma (Asia)
Cambodia (Asia)
China (Asia)
Costa Rica (Mesoamerica)
Guatemala (Mesoamerica)
Guyana (South America)
Honduras (Mesoamerica)
India (Asia)
Java (Asia)
Laos (Asia)
Nicaragua (Mesoamerica)
Panama (Mesoamerica)
Philippines (Asia)
Malaysia (Asia)
Sri Lanka (Asia)
Singapore (Asia)
Suriname (South America)
Thailand (Asia)
Vietnam (Asia)
Caribbean (Caribbean)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Arundo arborea Mill.:
India (Asia)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Physical Description

Diagnostic Description

Diagnostic

"Culms from a thick stoloniferous rhizome, erect, 10-20 cm across; culm sheaths broadly triangular, densely brownish-hairy within, and scattered hairy without. Leaves to 20 cm long; sheaths to 12 x .2 cm, linear, glabrous; ligule short, entire; petiole short. Inflorescence a compound panicle with the spikelets in heads. Spikelets 1-many-flowered, 0.8-2 cm long, oblong, terete. Bracts glume-like. Glumes 1-3, to 5.5 mm, broadly ovate, mucronate. Lemmas to 6.5 mm, lanceolate, mucronate, coriaceous, glabrous. Paleas to 7 mm, 2-keeled, ciliate. Stamens 6. Style 1; stigmas 3. Caryopsis linearly cylindric."
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Type Information

Type material for Bambusa orientalis Nees
Catalog Number: US 2809339
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Original publication and alleged type specimen examined
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): R. Wight
Locality: India, Asia-Tropical
  • Type material: Nees von Esenbeck, C. G. D. 1835. Linnaea. 9: 472.
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Ecology

Habitat

General Habitat

"Deciduous forests, also grown in homesteads"
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Life History and Behavior

Cyclicity

Flowering and fruiting: July-February
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Bambusa arundinacea

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 3
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Barcode data: Bambusa bambos

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Bambusa bambos

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 5
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Uses

Medicinal
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Wikipedia

Bambusa bambos

Bambusa bambos, or the Indian Thorny Bamboo, is a species of clumping bamboo native to several countries in south and east Asia.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bambusa bambos (L.) Voss". The Plant List, RBG Kew. Retrieved 24 January 2012. 
  2. ^ Ohrnberger, Dieter (1999). The bamboos of the world: annotated nomenclature and literature of the species and the higher and lower taxa. Elsevier. p. 255. ISBN 978-0-444-50020-5. 


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