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BiologyOccurs on or near the bottom of upper continental and insular slopes. Viviparous with yolk-sac dependency; gives birth to 4-16 pups, gestation unknown. Feeds mainly on small fishes, cephalopods, and crustaceans. Usually caught by demersal longline fisheries operating in deepwater. Marketed for its meat, fins, and liver oil which has a high value (Ref. 58048).