Sometimes taxonomists create new names for groups that already have a name. They may do this because they are unaware of the original name, or they may think the organism before them belongs to a different group when in fact it does not. If two or more names are found to apply to the same group, they are considered synonyms. In most cases, the first name takes priority and is considered to be the valid or accepted name. However, there can be exceptions, and it's not always easy to determine which of a series of synonyms should be considered valid or accepted. Here we list the synonyms provided to EOL by our classification partners. We also include other versions of the name that most likely refer to the same group, for example, misspellings in the literature or different variations of the authorship associated with the name.

Preferred marks the preferred name from each source.

Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: April 2013

Name Relationship
Catunaregam spinosa (Thunb.) Tirveng. Preferred
Gardenia dumetorum Retz. Synonym
Gardenia spinosa L. f.
Gardenia dumosa Salisb.
Gardenia stipularis Rottler
Gardenia spinosa Thunb.
Genipa dumetorum (Retz.) Baill.
Gardenia floribunda Roxb.
Gardenia latifolia Schltdl. ex Hook.f.
Gardenia glabra R.Br. ex Wall.
Randia stipulosa Miq.
Randia tomentosa Wight & Arn.
Randia rottleri Wight & Arn.
Randia lachnosiphonium Hochst.
Randia oxypetala Lindl.
Randia brandisii Gamble
Randia floribunda (Roxb.) DC.
Randia spinosa (Thunb.) Poir.
Randia dumetorum (Retz.) Lam.
Solena dumetorum (Retz.) D.Dietr.
Solena nutans D.Dietr.
Solena longispina D.Dietr.
Solena floribunda (Roxb.) D.Dietr.
Ceriscus malabaricus Gaertn.
Xeromphis retzii Raf.
Xeromphis obovata (Hochst.) Keay
Xeromphis spinosa (Thunb.) Keay
Randia uniflora Regel
Canthium chinense Pers.
Canthium coronatum Lam.
Narega coduva Raf.
Posoqueria floribunda Roxb.
Posoqueria dumetorum (Retz.) Willd. ex Roxb.

India Biodiversity Portal Species Data

Name Relationship
Catunaregam spinosa Preferred
Gardenia spinosa Thunb.

NCBI Taxonomy

Name Relationship
Catunaregam spinosa Preferred
Catunaregam spinosa (Thunb.) Tirveng. Authority

Tropicos resource

Name Relationship
Catunaregam spinosa Tirveng. Preferred
Gardenia dumetorum Retz.
Gardenia spinosa L. f.
Gardenia spinosa Thunb.
Posoqueria dumetorum (Retz.) Willd. ex Roxb.
Posoqueria longispina Link
Posoqueria nutans Roxb.
Randia dumetorum (Retz.) Lam.
Randia dumetorum Lam.
Randia nutans (Roxb.) DC.
Randia spinosa (Thunb.) Blume
Xeromphis retzii Raf.

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