Overview

Distribution

National Distribution

United States

Origin: Unknown/Undetermined

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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Global Range: Peninsular Fl, FL Keys, and Bahama Islands.

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Fla.; West Indies (Bahamas).
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Physical Description

Morphology

Description

Plants to 50 cm. Pseudobulbs aggregate, dark green, ovoid-pyriform, 1–7 × 1–2.5 cm. Leaves 1–3, linear-lanceolate, 8–40 × 0.5–2 cm, leathery. Inflorescences racemes to panicles, lax, 10–80 cm. Flowers 3–45, green, yellow, or brown, often suffused with purple; sepals and petals similar, extended, oblanceolate-spatulate, 12–22 × 4–6.5 mm, apex obtuse; lip white, deeply 3-lobed, 12–18 × 12–18 mm when spread, middle lobe usually with large purple spot, suborbiculate, 6–10 mm wide, margins undulate, lateral lobes purple-veined, ovate-triangular; callus on isthmus; anthers 1, yellow; column straight, prominent wings on sides of stigmatic cavity, 1 cm. Capsules: pedicel 15–17 mm, body 17–27 × 15 mm, beak 3 mm.
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Diagnostic Description

Synonym

Epidendrum tampense Lindley, Edwards’s Bot. Reg. 33: plate 35. 1847; Encyclia tampensis (Lindley) Schlechter; Epidendrum tampense var. albolabium A. D. Hawkes
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Ecology

Habitat

Comments: "Very hardy, thriving equally well from dark, humid, swampy forests to high, dry barren trees in full sun. It will withstand a hard freeze" (Luer, 1972).

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Epiphytic on many different trees and palms in forests and hammocks; 0--100m.
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Depth range based on 4 specimens in 1 taxon.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0 - 0
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Life History and Behavior

Cyclicity

Flowering/Fruiting

Flowering May--Sep; fruiting throughout year.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Encyclia tampensis

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Encyclia tampensis

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 2
Specimens with Barcodes: 2
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: G4 - Apparently Secure

Reasons: Common in the limited area of FL and Bahamas.

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Wikipedia

Encyclia tampensis

Encyclia tampensis (Encyclia from Greek - enkykleoma "to encircle" and tampensis - "Tampa") or Tampa Butterfly Orchid is a species of flowering plant in the Orchid family, subfamily Epidendroideae.

This species was first described by John Torrey in 1846.[2]

Range[edit]

Native to Florida and the Bahamas, and another variety in Cuba, E. tampensis is an epiphyte most commonly found growing on southern live oaks but also on pond apples, mangroves, Bald Cypress, pines and palms in tropical hardwood hammocks and along rivers.[2][3][4] Vouchered specimens have been cataloged by USF as far north as Levy and Putnam Counties. They are also found in the salty Florida Keys.[5]

Description[edit]

The Encyclia tampensis has dark green 7 cm pseudobulbs with narrow foliage up to 16 cm in length and 2 cm in width. Mature plants produce a branched inflorescence in Summer containing several flowers with green to bronze sepals and petals surrounding a white lip with a purple dot. Flowers are alternate, 2.5 cm in diameter and fragrant. They are also called butterfly orchids because of how they sometimes appear in a breeze.[2][3]

There are some variations in color and markings that exist such as Cuba's encyclia tampense var amesiana and the "alba" or white variety.[3]

The diploid chromosome number of E. tampensis has been determined as 2n = 40; the haploid chromosome number as n = 20.[6]

Collecting[edit]

Despite being one of Florida's most prolific native orchids,[2] Florida considers E. tampensis a regulated plant needing protection from commercial exploitation.[7] Which means if you want to harvest any for sale from the wild, you must get a permit. If you want to collect more than 2 for personal use from private lands, or any at all from public lands, a permit is required.[8] Certified nurseries are specifically permitted to sell commercially grown protected plants. (Florida Title XXXV Chapter 581.185 Sec 7)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ H. G. Reichenbach, "Orchides", nr. 55, in C. Müller, Ed. Walpers. Annales Botanices Systematicae 6(1861)330, as "EPIDENDRUM TAMPENSE"
  2. ^ a b c d http://culturesheet.org/orchidaceae:encyclia:tampensis Culture Sheet Project
  3. ^ a b c http://www.orchidspecies.com/enctampense.htm Orchid Species site
  4. ^ http://www.encyclias.org/Members%20Only/Member%20Sheets/Enc.tampensis.htm
  5. ^ http://florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=2477 University of South Florida Plant Atlas Online
  6. ^ page 251 of Leonardo P. Felix and Marcelo Guerra: "Variation in chromosome number and the basic number of subfamily Epidendroideae (Orchidaceae)" Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 163(2010)234-278. The Linnean Society of London. downloaded October 2010 from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1095-8339.2010.01059.x/pdf
  7. ^ Page 86 of Florida Rule 5B-40 regulated plant index.(PDF Alert)
  8. ^ Florida Dept. of Agriculture Rule 5B-40.003
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Notes

Comments

Flowers of Encyclia tampensis are fragrant, with a sweet or honey odor, starting about noon and peaking in early afternoon when small bees in genera Auglochlora and Halictus pollinate the flowers.
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