Ecology

Associations

Known predators

Onuphidae (Predatory polychaetes and nemertines) is prey of:
Dasyatis sabina
Arius felis
Anchoa mitchilli
Menidia beryllina
Lagodon rhomboides
Leiostomus xanthurus
Syngnathus scovelli
Hippocampus zosterae
Sciaenops ocellatus
Bucephala albeaola
Rallus longirostris
Charadrius semipalmatus
sediment POC
Pinixia floridana
Neopanope texana
Processa bermudiensis
Penaeus duoarum
Palaemonetes floridanus

Based on studies in:
USA: Florida (Estuarine)

This list may not be complete but is based on published studies.
  • Christian RR, Luczkovich JJ (1999) Organizing and understanding a winter’s seagrass foodweb network through effective trophic levels. Ecol Model 117:99–124
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Known prey organisms

  • Christian RR, Luczkovich JJ (1999) Organizing and understanding a winter’s seagrass foodweb network through effective trophic levels. Ecol Model 117:99–124
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
                                        
Specimen Records:409Public Records:212
Specimens with Sequences:277Public Species:15
Specimens with Barcodes:272Public BINs:15
Species:57         
Species With Barcodes:37         
          
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Barcode data

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Locations of barcode samples

Collection Sites: world map showing specimen collection locations for Onuphidae

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Wikipedia

Onuphidae

The Onuphidae are a family of polychaete worms.

Characteristics[edit]

Most onuphids have tubes. Some live semisubmerged in the substrate, but others carry their tubes around, and they can all rebuild their tubes if necessary. The tubes, thin and parchment-like, are formed of bits of shell and sand, with plant debris, stuck together with mucus. The onuphids are all omnivorous scavengers, feeding on animal and vegetable debris.[2][3]

The prostomium has two short frontal antennae, two globular palps and five main antennae. The mandibles are large and the maxillae have several pairs of plates edged with fine teeth. Some tentacular cirri are present. The anterior parapodium points forward and has tapered ventral cirri. The posterior parapodium has cushion-like cirri. The setae include winged capillaries and pseudocompound forms on the anterior parapodia and winged capillaries, comb-setae and acicular setae on the posterior ones.[2]

Genera[edit]

The World Register of Marine Species includes these genera in the family:[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Read, Geoff (2010). "Onuphidae". In G. Read & K. Fauchald. World Polychaeta database. World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved 2012-01-16. 
  2. ^ a b Onuphidae Marine Errant Polychaetes in Hong Kong. Retrieved 2012-01-16.
  3. ^ Family Onuphidae A Guide To Singapore Polychaetes. Retrieved 2012-01-16.
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