Overview

Distribution

Range Description

This species occurs in Florida, Mexico, Belize, the Bahamas, the Cayman Islands, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, the Leeward Islands, the Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, the Windward Islands and Colombia (WCSP 2013). Based on herbarium specimens the estimated extent of occurrence (EOO) is 2,419,584 km2. This was calculated using GeoCAT (Bachman et al. 2012).
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National Distribution

United States

Origin: Unknown/Undetermined

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This species is a small, evergreen tree, growing to around one to one and a half metres in height. It grows on a range of soils and substrates and tolerates relatively broad growing conditions including a range of elevations and levels of precipitation. It is relatively tolerant of salt spray and salt concentrations in soils. It grows best and thrives in open situations but can tolerate shade. Flowers and fruit are produced throughout the year. The fruit are presumed to be a food source for wildlife and the seeds are presumed to be dispersed by birds (Francis 2013). Correll and Correll (1982) list the habitats of this species as dunes, coastal coppices, pinelands, open fields and disturbed soils.

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Depth range based on 4 specimens in 1 taxon.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0.5 - 0.5
 
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Ernodea littoralis

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Ernodea littoralis

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2014

Assessor/s
Roberts, A.

Reviewer/s
Clubbe, C.P.

Contributor/s

Justification
Ernodea littoralis is a plant species with a relatively wide range and which has a relatively wide range and is considered common in certain parts of its range. Nevertheless, a continuing decline in area, extent and quality of its habitat can be inferred due to the ongoing threats of habitat loss and competition from invasive species. Whilst acknowledging these threats, this species is assessed as Least Concern. However, additional conservation research is needed to provide further data on population size and trends.
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National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: G4 - Apparently Secure

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Population

Population
Little or no information on population size is available for the majority of locations. In terms of the Bahamas Archipelago, Correll and Correll (1982) describe this species as 'almost ubiquitous'.

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
A threat to this species is the loss and degradation of suitable habitat. The Caribbean coast is subject to continuing modification, often associated with the expansion of tourism. A further threat is the occurrence of invasive species. Two species of particular concern are Scaevola taccada and Casuarina equisetifolia, both of which are known to out-compete native coastal vegetation and can quickly establish themselves following storm damage.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions

Seeds have been collected from the British Virgin Islands and the Dominican Republic and are stored at Kew's Millennium Seed Bank (T. Heller, pers. comm. 2013). There is also an ex situ collection of living plants at Kew (M. Corcoran, pers. comm. 2013).

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Wikipedia

Ernodea littoralis

Ernodea littoralis (Golden Creeper, Beech Creeper, or Coughweed) is a species of flowering plants in the coffee family, Rubiaceae, endemic to Central America and the Caribbean region. It is a vine-like ground cover, 1 to 3 feet in height, with small, light green, succulent leaves on long, curving, bright red branches, and pinkish white, tubular flowers succeeded by golden berries.

Synonyms

  • Ernodea angusta

References

  1. ^ "Genus Ernodea". Taxonomy. UniProt. http://www.uniprot.org/taxonomy/60366. Retrieved 2010-12-15. 
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