Overview

Comprehensive Description

Description

Terrestrial herb, 1-2 m tall. Leaves erect, lanceolate, up to 1.2 m long, plicate with a long petiole. Inflorescence densely many-flowered. Sepals greenish-yellow; petals tinged reddish-brown to red-purple; lip 3-lobed in the apical half, reddish-brown to purple, with whitish papillae on the 5 central veins of the mid-lobe; base of the lip saccate, greenish.
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Source: Flora of Zimbabwe

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Distribution

Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Cyrtopera woodfordii var. pachystelidia Rchb. f.:
Panama (Mesoamerica)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Dendrobium mexicanum C. Presl:
Mexico (Mesoamerica)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Eulophia alta (L.) Fawc. & Rendle:
Bolivia (South America)
French Guiana (South America)
Guatemala (Mesoamerica)
Guyana (South America)
Honduras (Mesoamerica)
Mexico (Mesoamerica)
El Salvador (Mesoamerica)
Nicaragua (Mesoamerica)
Ecuador (South America)
Panama (Mesoamerica)
Brazil (South America)
Belize (Mesoamerica)
Peru (South America)
United States (North America)
Venezuela (South America)
Caribbean (Caribbean)
Gabon (Africa & Madagascar)
Costa Rica (Mesoamerica)
Colombia (South America)
Suriname (South America)
Argentina (South America)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Platypus altus (L.) Small:
United States (North America)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Govenia barbata Poepp. & Endl.:
Peru (South America)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Eulophia longifolia (Kunth) Schltr.:
Argentina (South America)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Cyrtopodium woodfordii Sims:
Brazil (South America)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Fla., Ga.; Mexico; West Indies; Central America; South America; tropical Africa.
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Worldwide distribution

Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Cameroon, CAR, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Burundi, DRC, Angola, Zambia and Zimbabwe. Also in South America.
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Source: Flora of Zimbabwe

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National Distribution

United States

Origin: Unknown/Undetermined

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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Global Range: S. FL to Brazil and Peru, MX, C. and S. America, Africa.

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Physical Description

Morphology

Description

Plants 70–170 cm. Leaves linear-elliptic to narrowly ovate, 20–120 × 3–11 cm, apex acuminate. Inflorescences erect, to 1 m; bracts narrowly ovate to filiform, 1–3 cm. Flowers many, 1.5–2.5 cm wide; sepals light green, very narrowly elliptic to narrowly obovate, apex acuminate to apiculate; lateral sepals slightly oblique, adnate to column foot; petals spreading, green or green with pink overflush, 13 × 7 mm, broader than sepals; lip red-maroon, concave, saccate, 11–17 × 18–28 mm, slightly to conspicuously 3-lobed, middle lobe apically obtuse, margins undulate, lateral lobes partially enclosing column; disc with erect lamellae; column 7–10 mm. Capsules ellipsoid, to 6 cm.
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Diagnostic Description

Synonym

Limodorum altum Linnaeus, Syst. Nat. ed. 12, 594. 1767; Cyrtopera longifolia (Kunth) Reichenbach f.; C. woodfordii (Sims) Lindley; Cyrtopodium woodfordii Sims; Dendrobium longifolium Kunth; Eulophia woodfordii (Sims) Rolfe; Platypus altus (Linnaeus) Small; P. papilliferus Small
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Ecology

Habitat

Moist sand and rich soils, in shaded to sunny habitats, swamps, pastures, and roadside ditches; 10--200[--2000]m.
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Comments: Hammocks and swampy ditches. Grassy swamps, low pastures, wet thickets, 50-2500 feet.

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Life History and Behavior

Cyclicity

Flowering/Fruiting

Flowering summer--fall.
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: G4 - Apparently Secure

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Wikipedia

Eulophia alta

Eulophia alta is a species of orchid, known as the Wild Coco.

Synonyms[edit]

Limodorum altum L. (1767) is the basionym. Other synonyms include:

  • Bletia alta (L.) Hitchc.
  • Cypripedium epidendricum Vell.
  • Cyrtopera alta (L.) Stehlé
  • Cyrtopera amazonica Barb.Rodr.
  • Cyrtopera longifolia (Kunth) Rchb.f.
  • Cyrtopera longifolia var. amazonica (Barb.Rodr.) Cogn.
  • Cyrtopera longifolia var. pachystelidia Rchb.f.
  • Cyrtopera vellosiana Barb.Rodr.
  • Cyrtopera woodfordii Sims
  • Cyrtopodium woodfordii Sims
  • Dendrobium longifolium Kunth
  • Eulophia alta f. flavescens (Schltr.) F. Barros
  • Eulophia alta f. pallida P.M.Br.
  • Eulophia alta f. pelchatii P.M.Br.
  • Eulophia alta var. alba L.C. Menezes
  • Eulophia alta var. pachystelidia (Rchb.f.) G.A. Romero
  • Eulophia longifolia (Kunth) Schltr.
  • Eulophia longifolia var. amazonica (Barb.Rodr.) Cogn.
  • Eulophia longifolia var. flavescens Schltr.
  • Eulophia woodfordii (Sims) Rolfe
  • Lissochilus amazonicus Barb.Rodr.
  • Maxillaria longifolia (Kunth) Lindl.
  • Paphiopedilum epidendricum (Vell.) Pfitzer
  • Platypus altus (L.) Small
  • Platypus papilliferus Small
  • Xylobium longifolium (Kunth) Lindl. ex Spreng.

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