IUCN threat status:

Near Threatened (NT)


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Dypsis lutescens

Dypsis lutescens, also known as bamboo palm, golden cane palm, areca palm, or butterfly palm, is a species of flowering plant in the Arecaceae family, native to Madagascar.[1]

Description[edit source | edit]

D. lutescens grows 6–12 m (20–39 ft) in height. Multiple stems emerge from the base. The leaves are arched, 2–3 m (6 ft 7 in–9 ft 10 in) long, and pinnate, with 40-60 pairs of leaflets. It bears panicles of yellow flowers in summer. Offsets can be cut off when mature enough, as a propagation method.

It is grown as an ornamental plant in gardens in tropical and subtropical regions, and elsewhere indoors as a houseplant. It has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[2]

One of several common names, "butterfly palm" refers to the leaves which curve upwards in multiple stems to create a butterfly look.[3]

Chrysalidocarpus lutescens (Dypsis lutescens).jpg

In its introduced range, this plant acts as a supplier of fruit to some bird species which feed on it opportunistically, such as Pitangus sulphuratus, Coereba flaveola and Thraupis sayaca species in Brazil.[4]

Air quality[edit source | edit]

According to NASA and Dr. B. C. Wolverton, the areca palm filters xylene and toluene from the air. Wolverton also specifies that, at 1.8 m (5 ft 11 in) in height, the plant will transpire 1 liter of water per 24 hours, thereby making it an effective humidifier.

References[edit source | edit]

  1. ^ United States Department of Agriculture. "Dypsis lutescens information from NPGS/GRIN". USDA, Agricultural Research Service, Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2010-12-25. 
  2. ^ "Dypsis lutescens". Royal Horticultural Society. Retrieved 25 July 2013. 
  3. ^ "Real Palm Trees". Palm Tree General Description. 
  4. ^ Leonardo Barros Ribeiro & Melisa Gogliath Silva. "Comportamento alimentar das aves Pitangus sulphuratus, Coereba flaveola e Thraupis sayaca em palmeiras frutificadas em área urbana".  (Portuguese)


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