Cypripedium guttatum is a circumpolar species found in Europe, Asia and North America. The species ranges in Northwest Territories, Yukon to Alaska and the Aleutians and from White Russia in the west to Japan, China (Hebei, Heilogjiang, Jilin, Lioning, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Xizang and NW Yunnan), Manchuria, Bhutan and Siberia in the east and south to the Himalayas.
In Europe, the species distribution encompasses central, eastern and northeastern parts of European Russia. This species was noted to occur in Belarus and Ukraine, although Averyanov (1999) considered this doubtful. (Averyanov 1999).
The species can be found from 500 m to 4,100 m altitude.
Sources: Cribb 1997, Delforge 1995, Frosch and Cribb 2012, Kartesz 1994, Luer 1975, Vakhrameeva et al. 2008.
Regularity: Regularly occurring
Regularity: Regularly occurring
Global Range: Next to C. calceolus and its variety pubescens, C. guttatum is the most widely distributed of our native Cypripediums. Found in Northwest Territories, Yukon to Alaska and the Aleutians, also Japan, China, Manchuria, Siberia to Central Russia (Luer).
Habitat and Ecology
Cypripedium guttatum grows in a wide range of habitats and prefers moist, acidic to neutral substrates or wet swampy soil, but can still grow on rocky substrates and sandy soils. The species occurs in sparse broad-leaved, mixed, and coniferous forests, amidst shrubs, in clearing and edges of the forests, along ravines and mountain meadows. It is also found in waterlogged forests, transitory swamps, forested limestone slopes, sand screes, birch forests, open grasslands, woodlands and often associated with C. macronthos. Cypripedium guttatum prefers mid-shade to shade and flowers from the beginning of May to July (Averyanov 1999, Delforge 1995, Cribb 1997, Vakhrameeva et al. 2008).
Comments: Meadows, grassy moors, grasslands or on lwr. slopes of hills & mnts., sometimes in open wds. in assc. w/birches & Cornus.
Life History and Behavior
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Barcode data: Cypripedium guttatum
Statistics of barcoding coverage: Cypripedium guttatum
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
National NatureServe Conservation Status
Rounded National Status Rank: N4 - Apparently Secure
Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked
NatureServe Conservation Status
Rounded Global Status Rank: G5 - Secure
Reasons: Frequently cultivated in Asia, common throughout its rather large range.
Cypripedium guttatum is local and the spatial structure of the population is characterized by aggregations of various size and numbers. The subpopulations include from five to 20 individuals per m² - the overall number is 150 to 250. The large aggregations include up to 500 shoots and the maximum density in the aggregation is 130-150 shoots per m² (Averyanov 1999, Cribb 1997, Delforge 1995, Frosch and Cribb 2012, Kartesz 1994, Luer 1975, Vakhrameeva et al. 2008).
The populations and the distribution area of Cypripedium guttatum have significantly reduced during the last decades especially in European Russia due to numerous anthropogenic threats including the loss of habitat by construction building projects and urbanization. In addition, drought, deforestation, fires, weak recovery and collection for drug production, are causing populations to decline (Averyanov 1999, Delforge 1995, Cribb 1997, Vakhrameeva et al. 2008).
All orchid species are included under Appendix II of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).
Cypripedium guttatum is included in the Red Data Book of Kazakhstan (Gvozdev 1978), some regional red lists in Russia and it is protected in 27 Zapovedniks and national parks of Russia.
- Protection of the habitat, especially open grassland and woodland, from human activities, deforestation and fires
- Fencing vulnerable sites to protect the species from collection and animals
- Control and management of the production of Cypripedium drugs
- Raise public awareness
- Protection of the living individuals through legislation which bans the species from being picked or dug up
- Ex situ conservation: Artificial propagation, re-introduction, seed collections
- Monitoring and surveillance of the existing populations and sites
- Estimate the population size and study their dynamics
The Spotted Lady's Slipper (Cypripedium guttatum) is a species of orchid. It is found on three continents, native to Belarus, Russia (European Russia, Siberia and Russian Far East) as well as China (Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Tibet, and Yunnan), Korea, Mongolia, Bhutan, Alaska (including the Aleutians) and northern Canada (Yukon and Northwest Territories).