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Corallorhiza trifida

Corallorhiza trifida, commonly known as early coralroot, northern coralroot, or yellow coralroot, is a coralroot orchid native to North America and Eurasia, with a circumboreal distribution. The species has been reported from the United States, Canada, Russia, China, Japan, Korea, India, Nepal, Kashmir, Greenland, Pakistan, and almost every country in Europe.[2][3][4][5] [6][7][8][9][10]

Description[edit]

Corallorhiza trifida is yellowish green in color, leafless, and partially myco-heterotrophic, deriving some, but not all of its nutrients from association with fungi of genus Tomentella.[11] It also contains chlorophyll, with which it supplies some of its own carbon nutrition via autotrophy.[11]

Closeup of a flower

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Plant List
  2. ^ Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  3. ^ Gleason, H. A. & A.J. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of the Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada (ed. 2) i–910. New York Botanical Garden, Bronx.
  4. ^ Flora of North America v 26 p 636
  5. ^ Flora of China v 25 p 253 珊瑚兰 shan hu lan
  6. ^ Böcher, T. W. 1978. Greenlands Flora 326 pp.
  7. ^ Porsild, A. E. & W. Cody. 1980. Checklist of the Vascular Plants of the Northwest Territories Canada i–viii, 1–607. National Museum of Natural Sciences, Ottawa.
  8. ^ Tolmatchev, A. I. 1963. Arkticheskaia Flora SSSR 4: 1–96.
  9. ^ Gleason, H. A. & A.J. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of the Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada (ed. 2) i–910. New York Botanical Garden, Bronx.
  10. ^ Flora Italiana, Corallorhiza trifida Chatel.
  11. ^ a b Zimmer, K., et al. (2008). The ectomycorrhizal specialist orchid Corallorhiza trifida is a partial myco-heterotroph. New Phytologist 178:2 395-400.

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