The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • "Strepsiptera." Wikipedia. 2013. .
  • Bohart, Richard M. 1941. A revision of the Strepsiptera with special reference to the species of North America. University of California Publications in Entomology, vol. 7, no. 6. 91-160
  • Borror, Donald, Charles Triplehorn, and Norman Johnson. An Introduction to the Study of Insects. 6th ed. Saunders College Publishing, 1989. 479-481. Print.
  • Brusca, Richard C., and Gary J. Brusca. 2002. Invertebrates, Second Edition. xx + 936
  • Kathirithamby, J. 1989. Review of the order Strepsiptera. Systematic Entomology 14: 41-92.
  • Kathirithamby, Jeyaraney. 1989. Review of the Order Strepsiptera. Systematic Entomology, vol. 14, no. 1. 41-92
  • Kathirithamby, Jeyaraney. 2002. Strepsiptera. Twisted-wing parasites. Version 24. September 2002 (under construction). in The Tree of Life Web Project,
  • Kinzelbach, R. 1990. The systematic position of Strepsiptera (Insecta). American Entomologist 36:292-303.
  • Kinzelbach, R. K. 1971. Morphologische Befunde an Fächerflüglern und ihre phylogenetische Bedeutung (Insecta: Strepsiptera). Zoologica 119(1&2) pp. 256.
  • Pix, W., G. Nalbach, and J. Zeil. 1993. Strepsipteran forewings are haltere-like organs of equilibrium. Naturwissenschaften 80:371-374.
  • R. A. Crowson. 1981. The Biology of the Coleoptera. Academic Press, New York


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