The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • A.Heller. 1900. In: Cat. N. Amer. Pl. , ed. 2: 4
  • Abrams, L. 1923. Ferns to Birthworts. 1: 1–557. In L. Abrams Ill. Fl. Pacific States. Stanford University Press, Stanford. External link.
  • Anonymous. 1986. List-Based Rec., Soil Conserv. Serv., U.S.D.A. Database of the U.S.D.A., Beltsville. External link.
  • Bruns, Thomas D., and Tayor, D. Lee. April 1997. Independent, specialized invasions of ectomycorrhizal mutualism by two nonphotosynthetic orchicds. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 94: 4510-4515.
  • Calflora. 2012. The Calflora Database [web application]. Berkeley, CA, USA. .
  • Cameron, Kenneth M. 2006. A Comparison and Combination of Plastid atpB and rbcL Gene Sequences for Inferring Phylogenetic Relationships Within Orchidaceae. Aliso 22: 447-464.
  • Clark, L. J. 1976. Cephalanthera austinae, In Trelawny, J. G. [eds.],Wildflowers of the Pacific Northwest from Alaska to Northern California, p.54. 1st ed. Superior Pub Co., Sidney, British Columbia, Canada.
  • Coleman, Ronald .A. 1995. The Wild Orchids of California. Comstock Publishing, Ithaca, New York, USA.
  • Dodson, C. H. 1992. Checklist of the Orchids of the Western Hemisphere. draft:. External link.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee, e. 2002. Magnoliophyta: Liliidae: Liliales and Orchidales. 26: i–xxvi, 1–723. In Fl. N. Amer. Oxford University Press, New York. External link.
  • Govaerts R. (ed). For a full list of reviewers see: (2013). WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (version Oct 2011). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Heller, A. 2012 (v. 1.0). Jepson eFlora, Cephalanthera austiniae, Jepson Flora Project. .
  • Hickman, J. C. 1993. Jepson Man.: Higher Pl. Calif. i–xvii, 1–1400. University of California Press, Berkeley. External link.
  • Hitchcock, C. H., A. J. Cronquist, F. M. Ownbey & J. W. Thompson. 1969. Vascular Cryptogams, Gymnosperms, and Monocotyledons. 1: 1–914. In Vasc. Pl. Pacif. N.W. University of Washington Press, Seattle. External link.
  • Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck. 1959. Cal. Fl. 1–1681. University of California Press, Berkeley. External link.
  • Munz, P. A. 1974. Fl. S. Calif. 1–1086. University of California Press, Berkeley. External link.
  • NatureServe. 2011. NatureServe Explorer: An Online Encyclopedia of life [web application]. Version 7.1, February 2009. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA. ..
  • Rasmussen, Hanne N. 1995. Cephalanthera. Terrestrial Orchids: From Seed to Mycotrophic Plant, p.258. Cambridge University Press, New York, NY, USA.
  • Scoggan, H. J. 1978 [1979]. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae, Monocotyledoneae. 2: 93–545. In Fl. Canada. National Museums of Canada, Ottawa. External link.
  • USDA, NRCS. 2012. The PLANTS Database. National Plant Data Team, Greensboro, NC , USA. .


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