The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1. ITIS (June, 2007) External link.
  • 2. Coleman, R.A. (2002) The Wild Orchids of Arizona and New Mexico. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York.
  • 3. CITES (June, 2007) http://www.cites.org External link.
  • 4. Coleman, R.A. (1995) The Wild Orchids of California. Cornell University Press, Ithaca and London.
  • 5. Delforge, P. (2006) Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East. A&C Black Publishers Ltd, London.
  • 6. Abrams, L. and Ferris, R.S. (1960) An Illustrated Flora of the Pacific States, Washington, Oregon, and California. Stanford University Press, Stanford, California.
  • 7. Smith, W.R. (1993) Orchids of Minnesota. University of Minnesota Press, Minnesota.
  • 8. Higman, P.J. and Penskar, M.R. (1996) Special plant abstract for Calypso bulbosa (calypso orchid). Michigan Natural Features Inventory, Lansing, Michigan.
  • Catalogue of Vermont Plants 1: 200. 1842. (Cat. Vermont Pl.)
  • Cody, W. J. 1996. Fl. Yukon Terr. i–xvii, 1–669. NRC Research Press, Ottawa.
  • Flora Suecica (ed. 2) 561. 1826. (Fl. Suec. (ed. 2))
  • Gleason, H. A. & A.J. Cronquist. 1991. Man. Vasc. Pl. N.E. U.S. (ed. 2) i–910. New York Botanical Garden, Bronx.
  • Govaerts R. (ed). For a full list of reviewers see: (2015). WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (version Sep 2014). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Great Plains Flora Association. 1986. Fl. Great Plains i–vii, 1–1392. University Press of Kansas, Lawrence.
  • Handbuch zur Erkennung der nutzbarsten und am häufigsten vorkommenden Gewächse 1: 252. 1829. (Handbuch)
  • Hickman, J. C. 1993. The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California 1–1400. University of California Press, Berkeley.
  • Hitchcock, C. H., A.J. Cronquist, F. M. Ownbey & J. W. Thompson. 1969. Vascular Cryptogams, Gymnosperms, and Monocotyledons. 1: 1–914. In C. L. Hitchcock Vasc. Pl. Pacif. N.W. University of Washington Press, Seattle.
  • Hultén, E. 1968. Fl. Alaska i–xxi, 1–1008. Stanford University Press, Stanford.
  • Moss, E. H. 1983. Fl. Alberta (ed. 2) i–xii, 1–687. University of Toronto Press, Toronto.
  • Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck. 1959. Cal. Fl. 1–1681. University of California Press, Berkeley.
  • Neues Journal für die Botanik 1: 85. 1805. (Neues J. Bot.)
  • Nova Acta Regiae Societatis Scientiarum Upsaliensis 6: 71, 76. 1799. (Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal.)
  • Oakes. 1842. In: Cat. Vermont Pl. : 28
  • Porsild, A. E. & W. Cody. 1980. Vasc. Pl. Continental Northw. Terr. Canada i–viii, 1–607. National Museum of Natural Sciences, Ottawa.
  • Summa Vegetabilium Scandinaviae 32. 1814. (Summa Veg. Scand.)
  • Svensk Botanisk Tidskrift t. 518. 1814. (Svensk Bot. Tidskr.)
  • The Paradisus Londinensis , pl. 89. 1807. (Parad. Lond.)
  • Transactions of the Horticultural Society of London 1: 301. 1812. (Trans. Hort. Soc. London)
  • Welsh, S. L. 1974. Anderson's Fl. Alaska Adj. Parts Canada i–xvi, 1–724. Brigham Young University Press, Provo.


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