Localities documented in Tropicos sources
North Korea (Asia)
Russian Federation (Asia)
South Korea (Asia)
Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
- Flora of China Editorial Committee. 2010. Fl. China 23: 1–515. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing & St. Louis. http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/100001734
Habitat and Ecology
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
The recruitment rate of this species is low as it inhabits a high energy environment, where conditions need to be right for seeds to be successful.