The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • Abrams, L. 1923. Ferns to Birthworts. 1: 1–557. In L. Abrams Ill. Fl. Pacific States. Stanford University Press, Stanford.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1476 External link.
  • Anonymous. 1986. List-Based Rec., Soil Conserv. Serv., U.S.D.A. Database of the U.S.D.A., Beltsville.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1103 External link.
  • Bailey, L. H. & E. Z. Bailey. 1976. Hortus Third i–xiv, 1–1290. MacMillan, New York.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/922 External link.
  • Cronquist, A. J., A. H. Holmgren, N. H. Holmgren & Reveal. 1977. Vascular Plants of the Intermountain West, U.S.A. 6: 1–584. In A. J. Cronquist, A. H. Holmgren, N. H. Holmgren, J. L. Reveal & P. K. Holmgren (eds.) Intermount. Fl. Hafner Pub. Co., New York.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1725 External link.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee, e. 2002. Magnoliophyta: Liliidae: Liliales and Orchidales. 26: i–xxvi, 1–723. In Fl. N. Amer. Oxford University Press, New York.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1003294 External link.
  • Govaerts R. (ed). For a full list of reviewers see: http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/compilersReviewers.do (2013). WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (version Oct 2011). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Hickman, J. C. 1993. Jepson Man.: Higher Pl. Calif. i–xvii, 1–1400. University of California Press, Berkeley.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/40453 External link.
  • Hitchcock, C. H., A. J. Cronquist, F. M. Ownbey & J. W. Thompson. 1969. Vascular Cryptogams, Gymnosperms, and Monocotyledons. 1: 1–914. In Vasc. Pl. Pacific N.W. University of Washington Press, Seattle.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1460 External link.
  • Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck. 1959. Cal. Fl. 1–1681. University of California Press, Berkeley.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1717 External link.
  • S.Watson. 1871. In: Botany [Fortieth Parallel] : 350
  • Syntype: Watson, S. 1871. Rep. U.S. Geol. Explor. Fortieth Par., Bot. 5: 350.

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