Overview

Comprehensive Description

Description

Robust herb with an annual flowering stem, growing from a bulb, 2-4 cm in diameter. Stem unbranched, 0.8-1.7 m tall and 4-12 mm in diameter, often maroon or purple-brown. Leaves spiralled all along the stem, linear-lanceolate, 4-18 cm long, smaller and less dense towards the top of the stem. Flowers usually 1-3, large, trumpet-shaped, white, often with a purple-brown tinge, pleasantly scented. Tepals 11-22 cm long, recurved in the apical third.
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Derivation of specific name

formosanum: of Formosa (Taiwan)
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Distribution

Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Lilium formosanum Wallace:
South Africa (Africa & Madagascar)
China (Asia)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
  • Gibbs Russell, G. E., W. G. Welman, E. Reitief, K. L. Immelman, G. Germishuizen, B. J. Pienaar, M. v. Wyk & A. Nicholas. 1987. List of species of southern African plants. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa 2(1–2): 1–152(pt. 1), 1–270(pt. 2).   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1371 External link.
  • Flora of China Editorial Committee. 2000. Fl. China 24: 1–431. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing & St. Louis.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1018516 External link.
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Taiwan.
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Worldwide distribution

Native and endemic in Taiwan; naturalised in the Neotropics, Australasia, East and Central Africa, South Africa and Zimbabwe.
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National Distribution

United States

Origin: Exotic

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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Physical Description

Morphology

Description

Bulb subglobose or broadly ellipsoid, 2--4 cm in diam.; scales white or tinged yellow, lanceolate-ovate to lanceolate. Stem sometimes tinged purple-red, 20--55 cm, smooth or papillose. Leaves scattered, linear or narrowly lanceolate, 2.5--15 cm × 4--13 mm. Flowers solitary or sometimes several in a subumbel, fragrant, funnelform, with a slender tube gradually expanding toward apex. Tepals white, tinged purple-red abaxially; outer ones oblanceolate, 11.5--14.5 × 2.1--2.3 cm; inner ones spatulate, to 3 cm wide; nectaries green, rarely indistinctly papillose on both surfaces. Filaments ca. 10 cm, with minute protuberances near base. Style ca. 6.5 cm. Capsule 7--9 × ca. 2 cm. Fl. and fr. Jun--Dec.
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Ecology

Habitat

* Grassy slopes, seashores; near sea level to 3500 m.
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Population Biology

Frequency

Locally common
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Lilium formosanum

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Lilium formosanum

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 2
Specimens with Barcodes: 2
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: GNR - Not Yet Ranked

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Wikipedia

Lilium formosanum

Lilium formosanum, also known as the Taiwanese lily (simplified Chinese: 台湾百合; traditional Chinese: 台灣百合; pinyin: Táiwān bǎihé), is a trumpet-flowered lily endemic to Taiwan which is closely related to the Easter lily found in the Ryukyu Islands of Japan, eastern and northern Taiwan.

Alias[edit]

The common names of Taiwanese lily in speaking Taiwanese are various, which include wild lily (野百合or高砂百合), trumpet flower (喇叭花), mountain garlic (山蒜頭or山蒜頭or山石蒜or山蒜瓣), master's flask (師公鈃or師公鈃仔花), and so on.[1] It is said the flower has another name of flower of broken bowl (打碗花) form the elderly of Hakka race. They believe Taiwanese lily is lived by clean water spot, if anyone take the lily away may damage the environment, just like breaking the bowls you rely on.[2] Another origin is that parents intimidates children not taking the lily by this term for the kids may break their bowl when they dining if they took the flower.

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