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Overview

Distribution

Distribution: In moist forests at middle to upper elevations, along the Cordillera Central and in the zone of mogotes. Also in the Greater Antilles, Mexico, Guatemala, and Belize.

Public Forests: Cambalache, El Yunque, Guajataca, Maricao, Río Abajo, Susúa, and Tortuguero.

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. (in prep.) Smilacaceae. In: Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong (eds.) Monocots of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Contrib. U.S. Natl. Herb.

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Physical Description

Diagnostic Description

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. (in prep.) Smilacaceae. In: Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong (eds.) Monocots of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Contrib. U.S. Natl. Herb.

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Type Information

Isotype for Smilax krukovii A.C. Sm.
Catalog Number: US 2250432
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Original publication and alleged type specimen examined
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): B. A. Krukoff
Year Collected: 1936
Locality: State of Amazonas: Municipality São Paulo de Olivença; basin of creek Belem., Amazonas, Brazil, South America
  • Isotype: Smith, A. C. 1939. J. Arnold Arbor. 20: 290.
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© Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany

Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Isotype for Smilax krukovii A.C. Sm.
Catalog Number: US 1741960
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Original publication and alleged type specimen examined
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): B. A. Krukoff
Year Collected: 1936
Locality: Basin of creek Belem., São Paulo de Olivença, Amazonas, Brazil, South America
  • Isotype: Smith, A. C. 1939. J. Arnold Arbor. 20: 290.
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© Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany

Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Isotype for Smilax canaliculata F.W. Apt
Catalog Number: US 937816
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Original publication and alleged type specimen examined
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): A. Tonduz
Year Collected: 1899
Locality: Las Vueltas, Tuccurique., San José, Costa Rica, Central America
  • Isotype: Apt, F. W. 1922. Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 406.
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© Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany

Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Isotype for Smilax lasseriana Steyerm.
Catalog Number: US 1932093
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Card file verified by examination of alleged type specimen
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): J. A. Steyermark
Year Collected: 1944
Locality: Sororopan-Tepui, crest of Cerro between E & W end., Bolivar, Venezuela, South America
Elevation (m): 2255 to 2255
  • Isotype: Steyermark, J. A. 1951. Fieldiana, Bot. 28: 154.
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© Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany

Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Isotype for Smilax colubrina J.F. Macbr.
Catalog Number: US 1456440
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Original publication and alleged type specimen examined
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): G. Klug
Year Collected: 1930
Locality: Mishuyacu, near Iquitos., Loreto, Peru, South America
  • Isotype: Macbride, J. F. 1931. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 11: 45.
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© Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany

Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Isotype for Smilax gilva J.F. Macbr.
Catalog Number: US 1455861
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Original publication and alleged type specimen examined
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): G. Klug
Year Collected: 1930
Locality: Mishuyacu, near Iquitos., Loreto, Peru, South America
  • Isotype: Macbride, J. F. 1931. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 11: 44.
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© Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany

Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Isosyntype for Smilax schlechtendalii var. lindenii A. DC.
Catalog Number: US 1635975
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): J. J. Linden
Year Collected: 1839
Locality: E of Monserrat, Mexico, Central America
  • Isosyntype: Candolle, A. L. P. P. de. 1878. Monogr. Phan. 1: 102.
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Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Isotype for Smilax domingensis var. microscola B.L. Rob.
Catalog Number: US 233326
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): E. W. Nelson
Year Collected: 1895
Locality: Between Tumbala and El Salto., Chiapas, Mexico, North America
Elevation (m): 457 to 1372
  • Isotype: Robinson, B. L. 1900. Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts. 35: 323.
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Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Isolectotype for Smilax engleriana F.W. Apt
Catalog Number: US 472130
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Card file verified by examination of original publication; Alleged type specimen status verified from secondary sources
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): A. Tonduz
Year Collected: 1898
Locality: Near Santa Rosa du Copey., Costa Rica, Central America
Elevation (m): 1800
  • Isolectotype: Apt, F. W. 1922. Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 407.; Killip, E. P., et al. 1936. Publ. Carnegie Inst. Wash. 461: 266.
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Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Isolectotype for Smilax engleriana F.W. Apt
Catalog Number: US 333946
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Card file verified by examination of original publication; Alleged type specimen status verified from secondary sources
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): A. Tonduz
Year Collected: 1898
Locality: Near Santa Rosa du Copey., Costa Rica, Central America
Elevation (m): 1800
  • Isolectotype: Apt, F. W. 1922. Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 407.; Killip, E. P., et al. 1936. Publ. Carnegie Inst. Wash. 461: 266.
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Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Type fragment for Smilax schlechtendalii Kunth
Catalog Number: US 1635977
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Card file verified by examination of alleged type specimen
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): C. J. W. Schiede & F. Deppe
Locality: Misantla., Veracruz, Mexico, North America
  • Type fragment: Kunth, C. S. 1850. Enum. Pl. 5: 224.
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Isosyntype; Isolectotype for Smilax engleriana F.W. Apt
Catalog Number: US 937821
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Card file verified by examination of original publication; Alleged type specimen status verified from secondary sources
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): A. Tonduz
Year Collected: 1898
Locality: Near Santa Rosa du Copey, Costa Rica, Central America
  • Isosyntype: Apt, F. W. 1922. Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 407.; Killip, E. P., et al. 1936. Publ. Carnegie Inst. Wash. 461: 266.; Isolectotype: Apt, F. W. 1922. Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 407.; Killip, E. P., et al. 1936. Publ. Carnegie Inst. Wash. 461: 266.
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Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Whole plant: Plant is boiled, and the water drunk as a treatment for impotence, by the Guyana Patamona. Root: Dried roots are boiled, and the water drunk for back pain, by the Guyana Patamona. Dried roots are ground into a powder and used for making a tonic, by the Guyana Patamona.

  • Tiwari, S. 1999. Ethnomedicine of the Patamona Indians of Guyana. 560 pp. Ph.D. Dissertation. Bronx, New York: City University of New York (Lehman College).

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