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These bamboos may manifest monopodial, sympodial or mixed shoots. Piths are characteristically solid. The culms are generally clumped, terete, pith-filled, and sheathes are persistent with auricles & bristles. Branches emerge densely near the base giving the appearance of many primary divisions. This genus likely exhibits the widest altitude range of any bamboo genus. Culms are generally inferior in strength. The plants has historically had a variety of uses for aboriginal peoples.