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Chusquea is a neotropical genus of bamboo, whose range is from southern Mexico to Chile and Argentina. This genus is characteristic of cloud forests, often forming impenetrable thickets. The species are often emblematic of elevated plateaus and cloud forests. Example occurrences are the Talamancan montane forests and the high Andes. Species are variously tree-like, shrubby or climbing in growth habit.

These bamboos may manifest monopodial, sympodial or mixed shoots. Piths are characteristically solid. The culms are generally clumped, terete, pith-filled, and sheathes are persistent with auricles & bristles. Branches emerge densely near the base giving the appearance of many primary divisions. This genus likely exhibits the widest altitude range of any bamboo genus. Culms are generally inferior in strength. The plants has historically had a variety of uses for aboriginal peoples.

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