Overview

Comprehensive Description

Description

Annuals or perennials. Inflorescence a panicle, often with whorled primary branches. Spikelets nearly always glabrous, awnless. Ligule a line of hairs. Inflorescence an open or contracted panicle. Spikelets 1-flowered. Glumes membranous, the upper usually longer than the lower. Lemma 1(-3)-nerved, without awns, usually shining; palea as long as lemma or a little shorter. Grain with free pericarp. Fruit rounded or truncate at tip, not beaked.  Sporobolus species may resemble species of Eragrostis but are always 1-flowered whereas Eragrostis species have more than 1 floret per spikelet.
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© Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten and Petra Ballings

Source: Flora of Zimbabwe

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Ecology

Habitat

Depth range based on 14 specimens in 2 taxa.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0 - 0.5

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0 - 0.5
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
Specimen Records:156
Specimens with Sequences:247
Specimens with Barcodes:176
Species:58
Species With Barcodes:53
Public Records:47
Public Species:22
Public BINs:0
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© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Barcode data

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© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Wikipedia

Sporobolus

Sporobolus is a genus of grasses in the family Poaceae. The name is derived from the Greek words and σπόρος (sporos), meaning "seed", and βόλος (bolos), meaning "throw", referring to the dispersion of seeds.[2] Members of the genus are usually called dropseed grasses[3] or sacaton grasses. They are typical prairie and savanna plants, occurring in other types of open habitat in warmer climates. At least one species (S. caespitosus from Saint Helena) is threatened with extinction, and another (S. durus from Ascension Island) is extinct.

Uses[edit]

While some dropseed grasses make nice gardening plants[citation needed], they are generally considered[who?] to make inferior pastures[citation needed]. On the other hand, seeds of at least some species are edible and nutritious; they were used as food for example by the Chiricahua Apaches. Other species are reported to be used as famine foods, such as Sporobolus indicus in parts of the Oromia Region of Ethiopia, where it is known as muriy in Oromiffa.[4]

Known as popote de cambray, Sporobolus grasses are used in popotillo art or straw mosaics, a Mexican folk art with Pre-Columbian origins.[5]

Ecology[edit]

Caterpillars of the small moth Bucculatrix sporobolella have only been found on alkali sacaton (Sporobolus airoides). The Laysan Dropseed Noctuid Moth (Hypena laysanensis) on Laysan Island apparently became extinct with the local eradication of S. virginicus by feral rabbits. Seed-eating birds including American sparrows (genus Aimophila) feed on sacaton seeds. S. wrightii is a critical resource for the Botteri's Sparrow (Aimophila botterii) which at one time was extirpated from Arizona.

Selected species[edit]

Formerly placed here[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Genus: Sporobolus R. Br.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2011-02-27. Retrieved 2011-02-28. 
  2. ^ Quattrocchi, Umberto (2000). CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names: Common Names, Scientific Names, Eponyms, Synonyms, and Etymology. IV R-Z. Taylor & Francis US. p. 2542. ISBN 978-0-8493-2678-3. 
  3. ^ a b "Sporobolus". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2011-02-28. 
  4. ^ Dechassa Lemessa, "Prosperity Fades - Jimma and Illubabor Zones of Oromiya Region", UN-EUE Field Report, November 1999 (accessed 15 May 2009)
  5. ^ "Papel Picado, Papel Amate, and Popotillo". Festival of Mexico. Retrieved 2010-01-09. 
  6. ^ Bussmann, Rainer W; Genevieve G Gilbreath; John Solio; Manja Lutura; Rumpac Lutuluo; Kimaren Kunguru; Nick Wood; Simon G Mathenge (2006). "Plant use of the Maasai of Sekenani Valley, Maasai Mara, Kenya". Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 2 (22). doi:10.1186/1746-4269-2-22. PMC 1475560. PMID 16674830. 
  7. ^ "GRIN Species Records of Sporobolus". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2011-02-28. 
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