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Ecology

Associations

In Great Britain and/or Ireland:
Foodplant / saprobe
gregarious, covered then erumpent stroma of Cytospora coelomycetous anamorph of Cytospora foliicola is saprobic on dead cladode of Ruscus aculeatus

Foodplant / spot causer
immersed pseudothecium of Guignardia istriaca causes spots on live cladode of Ruscus aculeatus
Remarks: season: 4

Foodplant / saprobe
pycnidium of Phyllosticta coelomycetous anamorph of Paraphaeosphaeria glaucopunctata is saprobic on dead cladode of Ruscus aculeatus
Remarks: season: 2-3

Foodplant / saprobe
immersed, gregarious pycnidium of Phomopsis coelomycetous anamorph of Phomopsis rusci is saprobic on dead, decaying cladode of Ruscus aculeatus
Remarks: season: 9

Foodplant / spot causer
scattered pycnidium of Phyllosticta coelomycetous anamorph of Phyllosticta ruscicola causes spots on dead cladode of Ruscus aculeatus
Remarks: season: 8-12
Other: minor host/prey

Foodplant / saprobe
immersed, stromatic pycnidium of Phyllostictina coelomycetous anamorph of Phyllostictina hypoglossi is saprobic on dead, silvery cladode of Ruscus aculeatus

Foodplant / saprobe
mostly epiphyllous, subepidermal acervulus of Pycnofusarium coelomycetous anamorph of Pycnofusarium rusci is saprobic on dead cladode of Ruscus aculeatus
Remarks: season: 3

Foodplant / saprobe
effuse colony of Pseudospiropes dematiaceous anamorph of Strossmayeria basitricha is saprobic on dead branch of Ruscus aculeatus

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Ruscus aculeatus

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Ruscus aculeatus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 12
Specimens with Barcodes: 16
Species With Barcodes: 1
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Wikipedia

Ruscus aculeatus

Ruscus aculeatus is a low evergreen Eurasian shrub, with flat shoots known as cladodes that give the appearance of stiff, spine-tipped leaves. Small greenish flowers appear in spring, and are borne singly in the centre of the cladodes. The female flowers are followed by a red berry, and the seeds are bird-distributed, but the plant also spreads vegetatively by means of rhizomes. Ruscus aculeatus occurs in woodlands and hedgerows, where it is tolerant of deep shade, and also on coastal cliffs. It is also widely planted in gardens, and has spread as a garden escape in many areas outside its native range.

Ruscus aculeatus with fruit
Botanical illustration

Common names

  • Butcher's Broom
  • Kneeholy, Knee Holly, Kneeholm
  • Jew's Myrtle
  • Sweet Broom
  • Pettigree

Medicinal Uses

Butcher's broom has been known to enhance blood flow to the brain, legs, and hands. It has been used to relieve constipation and water retention and improve circulation. Since Butcher's broom tightens blood vessels and capillaries, it is used to treat a common condition known as varicose veins (Bouskela , Cyrino, and Marcelon).

It is also used for hemorrhoids.[1] The herb was been tested for hemorrhoids in a 1999 open-label (not blinded) clinical trial and showed statistically significant positive results.[2] It also showed reduction in venous insufficiency in two other studies. It was approved by the German Commission E guidelines for hemorrhoids treatment[2] It is occasionally prescribed for varicose veins which can be a complication of pregnancy. However, since it is classified as a natural product, there is no evidence or trials to suggest complete safety for the fetus. A qualified healthcare practitioner should be consulted prior to using this compound during pregnancy.

References

  1. ^ MacKay D (April 2001). "Hemorrhoids and varicose veins: a review of treatment options". Altern Med Rev 6 (2): 126–40. PMID 11302778. http://www.thorne.com/altmedrev/.fulltext/6/2/126.pdf. 
  2. ^ a b Abascal K, Yarnell E. (2005). Botanical Treatments for Hemorrhoids. Alternative & Complementary Therapies.


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