Depth range (m): 0 - 0
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.
Based on studies in:
Namibia, Namib Desert (Desert or dune)
This list may not be complete but is based on published studies.
- E. Holm and C. H. Scholtz, Structure and pattern of the Namib Desert dune ecosystem at Gobabeb, Madoqua 12(1):3-39, from p. 21 (1980).
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Statistics of barcoding coverage
Specimens with Sequences:455
Specimens with Barcodes:320
Species With Barcodes:98
Eragrostis is genus of the Poaceae (grass family) and the type genus of the tribe Eragrostideae commonly known as lovegrass or canegrass. The name of the genus is derived from the Greek words ερως (eros), meaning "love", and αγρωστις (agrostis), meaning "grass".
Some are dispersed by passing animals; the grains' hooks latch on to fur or hair, or to clothes. Others are wind or gravity dispersed. Several herbivores feed on lovegrass, including invertebrates such as the caterpillars of the Zabulon Skipper (Poanes zabulon) and vertebrates. The extinct bluebuck (Hippotragus leucophaeus) was known to graze these grasses. The dense bunches also provide cover for small animals such as the rare Botteri's Sparrow (Aimophila botterii). Lovegrasses may be important groundcover on oceanic islands like Laysan, where other plants are rare.
They can be used as livestock fodder. The seeds appear to be of high nutritional value for some animals, but they are also very tiny and collecting them for food is cumbersome and not usually done. A notable exception is teff (E. tef), which is used to make traditional breads on the Horn of Africa, such as Ethiopian injera and Somalian laxoox. It is a crop of commercial importance. E. clelandii and E. tremula are recorded as famine foods in Australia and Chad, respectively.
Other species, such as E. amabilis, are used as ornamental plants. E. cynosuroides is used in the pūjā rites in the Hindu temple at Karighatta. Bahia lovegrass (E. bahiensis) is known as a hyperaccumulator of caesium-137 and can be grown to remove the highly toxic radioactive atoms from the environment. Weeping lovegrass (E. curvula) has been planted extensively to prevent soil erosion.
Formerly placed here
- Briza uniolae (Nees) Steud. (as E. uniolae Nees)
- Coelachyrum piercei (Benth.) Bor (as E. piercei Benth.)
- Coelachyrum yemenicum (Schweinf.) S.M.Phillips (as E. yemenica Schweinf.)
- Desmostachya bipinnata (L.) Stapf (as E. cynosuriodes (Retz.) P.Beauv.)
- Eragrostiella brachyphylla (Stapf) Bor (as E. brachyphylla Stapf)
- Harpachne schimperi Hochst. ex A.Rich. (as E. schimperi (Hochst. ex A. Rich.) Benth.)
- Leptochloa decipiens subsp. asthenes (Roem. & Schult.) N.Snow (as E. ciliolata Jedwabn.)
- Poa fendleriana subsp. fendleriana (as E. fendleriana Steud.)
- "Genus: Eragrostis Wolf". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 1999-03-09. Retrieved 2011-02-25.
- "Eragrostis". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2011-03-04.
- Quattrocchi, Umberto (2006). CRC World Dictionary of Grasses. II E-O. CRC Press. p. 805. ISBN 978-0-8493-1303-5.
- Freedman, Robert (1998): Famine Foods - Poaceae or Graminae. Version of 6 March 1998. Retrieved 12 November 2007.
- "GRIN Species Records of Eragrostis". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2011-02-25.
- List source : 
- The Genus was first identified and named in Bothalia. A Record of Contributions from the National Herbarium, Union of South Africa. Pretoria vii. 387 (1960). "Plant Name Details for Genus Diandrochloa". IPNI. http://www.ipni.org:80/ipni/idPlantNameSearch.do?id=17888-1. Retrieved May 2, 2011.
- "Query Results for Genus Diandrochloa". IPNI. http://www.ipni.org:80/ipni/advPlantNameSearch.do?find_genus=Diandrochloa&find_rankToReturn=spec&output_format=normal&query_type=by_query&back_page=plantsearch. Retrieved May 2, 2011.
|This Chloridoideae article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|
- ^ Watson L, Dallwitz MJ. (2008). "The grass genera of the world: descriptions, illustrations, identification, and information retrieval; including synonyms, morphology, anatomy, physiology, phytochemistry, cytology, classification, pathogens, world and local distribution, and references". The Grass Genera of the World. http://delta-intkey.com/grass/www/acamptoc.htm. Retrieved 2009-08-19.
|This Poaceae article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|
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