IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category Year Assessed
Vulnerable Red List Criteria
Tenorio, M.J. Reviewer/s
Seddon, M. & Monnier, E. Contributor/s Justification
This is a recently described species with a range that would seem to be restricted to a single location, possibly to a single bay. This location is affected by development of the city of Benguela. This is a relatively large city so that pollution from the city may be a real threat to this species. With increased development in the area and potentially rising population numbers, pollution is likely to increase. At present very little is known about the effects of pollution on the species (it is unknown whether it can withstand pollution up to a certain level), so that more research is required. Using a precautionary approach because of the very restricted location of this species next to major urban development, the species has been assessed as Vulnerable (VU D2). Increasing levels of pollution fuelled by development of the area is the most plausible threat to this species. The effect of increasing levels of pollution on this species is currently unknown; it may cause rapid declines over a short period of time towards a Critically Endangered listing, which is why the precautionary approach was adopted. If the effects are less severe, the species should be downlisted to Near Threatened once further information becomes available. Oil prospecting has been carried out along Angola's coast and eventual oil exploration may have an effect on Angola's coast in the future, but there is no current development of these activities.