The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Chittenden, F.H. 1899. Some insects injurious to garden and orchard crops. A series of articles dealing with insects of this class. JOURBOOK: Bulletin of the United States Department of Agriculture, Division of Entomology (New Series) VOLUME: No 19 PAGES: 1-99
  • Noyes J. (2015). UCD: Universal Chalcidoidea Database (version Sep 2007). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Schmiedeknecht, O. 1909. Hymenoptera fam. Chalcididae. JOURBOOK: Genera Insectorum VOLUME: 97 PAGES: 1-550
  • Syntype: Bulletin of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Division of Entomology. 14: 22.


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