Enyalioides rubrigularis — Overview

S: Lagartijas De Palo Gargantirrojas learn more about names for this taxon

IUCN threat status:

Not evaluated

Comprehensive Description

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Description

Description of holotype. Male (Fig. 1); SVL = 123 mm; TL = 180 mm; maximum head width = 25.96 mm; head length = 32.37 mm; head height = 23.73 mm; dorsal head scales keeled or multicarinate, those on parietal region strongly projected dorsally; scales immediately posterior to supraciliares conical and dorsally projected, forming longitudinal row of seven (left) or six (right) scales that extends posteriorly over supratemporal region; temporal scales small, smooth or keeled, juxtaposed; two large, projected conical temporal scales aligned anterodorsally from anterodorsal aspect of tympanum; one enlarged pretympanic scale; supraciliares 16; canthals five; postrostrals four; left supralabials nine if counted to a point right below middle of eye, and 13 if counted to commisure of mouth (10 and 13 on right side, respectively); rostral (3.67 × 1.64 mm) about twice as wide as adjacent supralabials; single longitudinal row of lorilabials between suboculars and supralabials at level of middle of eye, longitudinal rows of lorilabials anterior to this point 2–3; loreal region broken into small, smooth, and juxtaposed scales; nasal at level of supralabial III; left infralabials eight if counted to a point right below middle of eye, and 13 if counted to commisure of mouth (eight and 11 on right side, respectively); mental (4.11 × 2.65 mm) wider and higher than adjacent infralabials; postmentals three; gulars ventrally projected; gular fold complete midventrally; neck with several longitudinal and oblique folds.
Vertebral crest strongly projected and decreasing in size posteriorly, with vertebrals on neck at least four times higher than vertebrals between hind limbs; crest bifurcates posteriorly and extends onto tail about ¼ its length; body flanks between fore and hind limbs with dorsolateral and ventrolateral folds, as well as several oblique folds; scales on dorsolateral folds slightly larger than adjacent scales giving the fold the appearance of a crest; dorsal scales between dorsolateral folds and vertebral crest small, prominently keeled, and imbricate; scales on flanks (i.e., ventral to dorsolateral folds) similar in size to dorsal scales, with a few scattered enlarged scales 2–3 times larger than adjacent scales; ventral scales imbricate, smooth, rectangular, with a posterolateral mucron; ventrals more than twice the size of dorsals.
Limb scales keeled dorsally and smooth or slightly keeled ventrally; scales on dorsal and posterior aspects of thighs heterogeneous in size, with most scales less than half the size of those scales on anterior and ventral aspects; subdigitals on Finger IV 21; subdigitals on Toe IV 26; two femoral pores on each side; tail laterally compressed and gradually decreasing in height towards tip; caudal scales strongly keeled and imbricate, increasing in size posteriorly on lateral and dorsal aspects of each autotomic segment; ventral larger than dorsal caudals, with individual autotomic segments being three scales long ventrally and six scales long dorsally.
Coloration in life of holotype (Fig. 1). Scales on dorsal and lateral surfaces of head mostly green or yellow, with black margins causing a reticulate pattern; some head scales entirely black; labials and mental yellowish orange with black margins; rostral green medially and black laterally; gulars orange with black margins, a few lateral gulars green or yellow; skin between gulars black; black gular patch absent; six enlarged greenish-cream scales form a distinct spot posterior to tympanum; paraverterbrals and caudals green or dark brown; flanks mottled with lemon-green scales; dorsal limb scales light green, some with dark brown margins; ventral surface of body, limbs, and tail white medially and light green laterally, with irregular light green stripes projecting medially; lining of mouth whitish cream; iris light brown peripherially with dark brown projections originating from the dark brown center.
Color variation. Adult males QCAZ 8456, 8460 differed from the holotype in having a dark brown to black reticulate pattern on dorsal and lateral aspects of body. In addition, male QCAZ 8460 had the dorsal surface of head black with green and yellow dots; loreal and subocular regions with black and red scales; labials red with black margins; gulars red with black margins (Fig. 3). Metachromatism was observed in some individuals, in which the green tones were replaced with yellow or brown tones (Fig. 4).
Adult female QCAZ 8457 (Fig. 3): dorsal background of body, limbs, and tail light brown spotted with yellow scales; dorsal background of head dark brown with scattered black scales; labials yellowish green with grey margins; enlarged pretympanic scale yellow; faint yellowish strip extends longitudinally from tympanum to scapular region; each vertebral yellow anteriorly and grey posteriorly; gular region brown with a few scattered orange scales; ventral surface of body, limbs, and tail brownish cream; iris copper with dark brown reticulations. Adult female QCAZ 8458 (Fig. 3) differed from the latter in having a dark olive green dorsal background, a black stripe extending longitudinally from posterior margin of eye to dorsal margin of tympanum, a black stripe extending dorsolaterally from comisure of mouth to eye, and a yellowish cream gular region with scattered black dots.
Juvenile QCAZ 8454 (Fig. 3): dorsal background yellowish green with irregular dark brown marks on head, body, flanks, tail, and black transverse lines on limbs; black stripe extends from posterior margin of eye to dorsal margin of tympanum; another black stripe extends from subocular region to anterior margin of tympanum, from where it extends ventrally into gular region; dorsolateral light green band with brown and black margins extends from temporal to scapular region; vertebrals black and yellowish green; gular region yellowish cream with brown, yellow, and orange scales laterally; ventral surface of body and limbs whitish cream, with faint grey dots; ventral surface of tail similar in color but fainter than dorsal surface; tongue cream with anterior tip grey; lining of mouth whitish cream; iris copper. Juvenile QCAZ 8485 differs from the latter in having a yellowish-brown background, with dark brown transverse bands arranged longitudinally from the scapular region to the tip of the tail.

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Source: ZooKeys

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