The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • 2006. website, Bombus - bumblebees of the world
  • 2006. Manuscript, Checklist of Apoidea of North America.. - 12-Oct-2006
  • 2008. manuscript, World Bee Checklist Project - update 2008-09
  • Carpenter, F. 1997. Pp. 231-239 in McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology, Vol. 9, 8th Edition. The Lakeside Press: R.R. Donnelley and Sons Company.
  • Fisher, R. 1984. Evolution and host specificity: a study of the invasion success of a specialized bumblebee social parasite. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 62: 1641-1644.
  • Fisher, R. 1987. Queen-worker conflict and social parasitism in bumble bees (Hymenoptera:Apidae). Animal Behaviour, 35: 1026-1036.
  • Fisher, R., B. Sampson. 1992. Morphological Specializations of the Bumble Bee Social Parasite Psithyrus ashtoni (Cresson) (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Canadian Entomologist, 124: 69-77.
  • Hilty, J. Editor. 2014. Insect Visitors of Illinois Wildflowers.  World Wide Web electronic publication. illinoiswildflowers.info, version (07/2014) 
    See:   Abbreviations for Insect ActivitiesAbbreviations for Scientific ObserversReferences for behavioral observations
  • Krombein, K. 1997. Pp. 704-713 in McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology, Vol. 8, 8th Edition. The Lakeside Press: R.R. Donnelley and Sons Company.
  • Ruggiero M. (project leader), Ascher J. et al. (2013). ITIS Bees: World Bee Checklist (version Sep 2009). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Williams, P. H. 1998. An annotated checklist of bumble bees with an analysis of patterns of description (Hymenoptera: Apidae, Bombini). Bulletin of the Natural History Museum (Entomology), vol. 67, no. 1
  • Williams, P. H. 1998. An annotated checklist of bumble bees with an analysis of patterns of description (Hymenoptera: Apidae, Bombini). Bulletin of the Natural History Museum (Entomology), vol. 67, no. 1. 79-152

Disclaimer

EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!