The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • 2006. website, Bombus - bumblebees of the world
  • 2006. Manuscript, Checklist of Apoidea of North America.. - 12-Oct-2006
  • 2008. manuscript, World Bee Checklist Project - update 2008-09
  • Cameron, S.A., Hines, H.M. & Williams, P.H. (2007) A comprehensive phylogeny of the bumble bees (Bombus). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 91, 161-188.
  • Ruggiero M. (project leader), Ascher J. et al. (2013). ITIS Bees: World Bee Checklist (version Sep 2009). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Williams, P H, Araújo, M B and Rasmont, P (2007) Can vulnerability among British bumblebee (Bombus) species be explained by niche position and breadth? Biological Conservation, 138, 493-505.
  • Williams, P H, and Osborne, J L (2009) Bumblebee vulnerability and conservation world-wide. Apidologie, 40, 367-387.
  • Williams, P. H. 1998. An annotated checklist of bumble bees with an analysis of patterns of description (Hymenoptera: Apidae, Bombini). Bulletin of the Natural History Museum (Entomology), vol. 67, no. 1
  • Williams, P. H. 1998. An annotated checklist of bumble bees with an analysis of patterns of description (Hymenoptera: Apidae, Bombini). Bulletin of the Natural History Museum (Entomology), vol. 67, no. 1. 79-152
  • Williams, P.H. (2007) The distribution of bumblebee colour patterns world-wide: possible significance for thermoregulation, crypsis, and warning mimicry. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 92, 97-118.
  • Williams, Paul H., and Jennifer C. Thomas. 2005. A bumblebee new to the New World: Bombus distinguendus (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Canadian Entomologist, vol. 137, no. 2
  • Williams, Paul H., and Jennifer C. Thomas. 2005. A bumblebee new to the New World: Bombus distinguendus (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Canadian Entomologist, vol. 137, no. 2. 158-162

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