Molecular Biology and Genetics
Barcode data: Bombus muscorum
Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.
See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Bombus muscorum
Public Records: 3
Specimens with Barcodes: 4
Species With Barcodes: 1
Bombus muscorum has an oblong face and a relatively long tongue. The fur on the face, thorax, and abdomen is almost entirely ginger. The second terga (abdominal segment) can, however, have a darker, brownish colouring. In Britain, island forms can have the ginger fur on the body and face intermixed with black hair, as well as an entirely black ventral side. The queen has an average length of 19 mm (0.75 in) and a wingspan of 35 mm (1.4 in), while the length of the worker and male is around 14 mm (0.55 in).
Bombus muscorum inhabits moors, grasslands, and salt marshes, where it builds its nest on or just below ground. The bumblebee collects dry grass and moss to cover the nest. The nest is small, containing fewer than 100 workers.
The species has a wide distribution in a large part of Eurasia, from Ireland in the west to Mongolia in the east, and from middle Scandinavia and Vyborg (Russian Karelia) in the north to Crete in the south. However, it is fairly rare in all its continental locations. In Britain, its distribution is patchy and, except for Scotland, predominantly coastal. Populations are also found on the Isle of Man, the Hebrides, Orkney, and Shetland.
- "Bombus muscorum". Integrated Taxonomic Information System.
- "Map of Bombus muscorum". Discover Life (American Museum of Natural History). Retrieved 24 December 2012.
- Benton, Ted (2006). "Chapter 9: The British Species". Bumblebees. London, UK: HarperCollins Publishers. pp. 384–388. ISBN 0007174519.
- "Less common species of bumblebee found in the UK". Bumblebee.org. Retrieved 24 December 2012.
- "BUMBLEBEE - MOSS CARDER - WESTERN ISLES". Virtual Hebrides. Retrieved 24 December 2012.
- Goulson, Dave (2010). "Chapter 6: Foraging Economics". Bumblebees: behaviour, ecology, and conservation. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. p. 95. ISBN 9780199553075.
- P. Rasmont. "Bombus (Thoracobombus) muscorum (L. 1761)". Université de Mons. Retrieved 24 December 2012.
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