The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 2011. AOU Check-List (08-2011)
  • 2011. IOC World Bird List, Master List v2.9
  • 2011. Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource, 2011.04.02
  • Actitis macularius. Xeno-canto. Xeno-canto Foundation, n.d. Web. 20 July 2012.
  • Adriaens, P. (2015). Actitis macularius Linnaeus, 1766. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at
  • American Ornithologists' Union. 2004. Forty-fifth supplement to the American Ornithologists' Union check-list of North American Birds. The Auk, vol. 121, no. 3. 985-995
  • American Ornithologists' Union. 2004. Forty-fifth supplement to the American Ornithologists' Union check-list of North American birds. The Auk, vol. 121, no. 3
  • Araya BM & G Millie. 1991. Guía de campo de las aves de Chile. 4ta ed. Editorial Universitaria, Santiago. 405 p.
  • BirdLife International 2012. Actitis macularius
  • Cialdini, R., G. Orians. 1944. Nesting studies of the Spotted Sandpiper. Passenger Pigeon, 6: 79-81.
  • Clapp et al. (1982) Longevity records of North American birds: Gaviidae through Alcidae. J Field Ornithol, 53:81-124.
  • Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2014. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.9. Downloaded from
  • Hays, H. 1972. Polyandry in the Spotted Sandpiper. Living Bird, 11: 43-57.
  • Klekowski, E., L. Klekowski. 1997. "Spotted Sandpiper, *Actitis macularia*" (On-line). Accessed April 7, 2002 at
  • Linnaeus, C. (1766). Systema naturae sive regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiae. 12th ed. v. 1 (pt 1): 1-532.
  • Maxson, S., L. Oring. 1980. Breeding season time and energy budgets of the polyandrous Spotted Sandpiper. Behaviour, 74: 200-263.
  • Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 16, 2011 at
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
  • Oring, L., E. Gray, J. Reed. 1997. Spotted Sandpiper (Actitis macularia). Pp. 1-32 in A Poole, F Gill, eds. The Birds of North America, Vol. 289. Philadelphia, PA: The Academy of Natural Sciences, and Washington, DC: The American Ornithologists' Union.
  • Oring, Lewis W., Elizabeth M. Gray and J. Michael Reed. 1997. Spotted Sandpiper (Actitis macularius), The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology; Retrieved from the Birds of North America Online:
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Sept 12). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Peterson, Roger Tory. Birds of Eastern and Central North America. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1980. Print.
  • Spotted Sandpiper (Actitis macularia). The Internet Bird Collection. Lynx Edicions, n.d. Web. 20 July 2012.
  • eBird Range Map - Spotted Sandpiper. eBird. Cornell Lab of Ornithology, N.d. Web. 20 July 2012.


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