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Overview

Distribution

Range Description

This species occurs in central and south Chile from Coquimbo south to central Fjordlands, including Isla Mocha, and south-central and south Argentina from Neuquén to west Chubut and southwest Santa Cruz. Although almost extirpated by Newcastle's Disease in 1954, it has recovered well and appears to be expanding in population and range, with some recent records within its former range in Argentina (del Hoyo et al. 1997). There are a high number of protected areas within its range, including some very large national reserves and parks at its southern extent, notably part of Katalalixar (6,745 km²) and Laguna San Rafael (17,420 km²) (Stattersfield et al. 1998). In addition, there are records from six national parks in Argentina: Lanin, Nahuel Huapi, Los Arrayanes in Neuquén, Lago Puelo, Los Alerces in Chubut and Los Glaciares in Santa Cruz.
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Range

Araucaria woodlands of c and s Chile and adjacent Argentina.

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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
The species inhabits lowland and highland southern temperate forest and woodland at elevations up to 1,500 m, notably where Araucaria araucaria and large Nothofagus dombeyi occur, but also at the forest edge and on cultivated land (del Hoyo et al. 1997, Stotz et al. 1996). It sometimes breeds in large loose colonies, often in bamboo thickets, with nests found in December-March, and also in May (del Hoyo et al. 1997).

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Patagioenas araucana

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 3 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.  Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.  See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNTAGGAGACGACCAAATCTACAACGTAATCGTTACAGCCCATGCTTTCGTAATAATCTTCTTTATGGTCATACCTATCATAATCGGAGGCTTTGGGAACTGATTAGTCCCCCTTATAATCGGCGCCCCCGATATAGCATTCCCACGAATGAACAACATAAGCTTTTGGCTATTACCCCCATCTTTCCTCCTTCTCCTAGCTTCTTCTACAGTCGAAGCTGGTGCAGGGACAGGATGAACTGTATATCCCCCTCTAGCCGGCAACCTAGCCCACGCAGGAGCCTCCGTAGATCTCGCCATCTTCTCCCTCCACCTTGCTGGTGTCTCCTCTATCCTAGGGGCCATCAACTTTATCACAACTGCCATCAACATAAAACCACCAGCCCTCTCACAATATCAAACCCCCCTATTCGTATGATCTGTCCTTATCACTGCCATCCTCCTTCTCCTATCCCTTCCAGTTCTTGCCGCCGGCATCACAATACTGCTCACAGACCGAAACCTCAACACCACCTTNTTCGACCCTGCCGGCGGAGGCGACCCAGTACTATATCAACATCTCTTCTGATTCTTTGGCCACCCCGAANNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
-- end --

Download FASTA File
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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Patagioenas araucana

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 3
Specimens with Barcodes: 3
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2012

Assessor/s
BirdLife International

Reviewer/s
Butchart, S. & Symes, A.

Contributor/s

Justification
This species has a very large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be increasing, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
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Population

Population
The global population size has not been quantified, but it is believed to be large as the species is described as 'common' in parts of Chile (del Hoyo et al. 1997).

Population Trend
Increasing
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Threats

Major Threats
The species is potentially threatened by intensive logging and timber plantations (Dinerstein et al. 1995). Large areas of old-growth forest have already been lost to logging concessions, and the industry is still active (Stattersfield et al. 1998).
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Wikipedia

Chilean Pigeon

The Chilean pigeon (Patagioenas araucana) is a species of bird in the Columbidae family. It is found in Argentina, Chile, and Falkland Islands. Its natural habitat is temperate forests.

References[edit]


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