Habitat and Ecology
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Barcode data: Patagioenas inornata
There is 1 barcode sequence available from BOLD and GenBank. Below is the sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species. See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen. Other sequences that do not yet meet barcode criteria may also be available.
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Patagioenas inornata
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
A recovery programme is underway in Puerto Rico (Miyamoto et al. 1994). Funding is being sought for conservation in Cockpit Country, Jamaica (BirdLife Jamaica in litt. 1998). It is legally protected in Cuba (but this is not enforced), and has been recorded from several protected areas, including the Guanahacabibes Biosphere Reserve, where it has been the subject of an education programme. Conservation Actions Proposed
Survey to assess numbers and distribution, especially in Cuba and Jamaica (BirdLife Jamaica in litt. 1998, A. Mitchell in litt. 1998). Assess the impact of illegal hunting (BirdLife Jamaica in litt. 1998). Conserve the Cockpit Country, and southern dry limestone forests and woodlands, in Jamaica (BirdLife Jamaica in litt. 1998). Design and implement education programmes in Cuba to reduce hunting pressures (A. Mitchell in litt. 1998). Enforce habitat protection in the Sierra de Bahoruco National Park in Dominican Republic.
The plain pigeon (Patagioenas inornata) is a species of bird in the Columbidae family. It is found in Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, and Puerto Rico. Its natural habitats are forest, woodland, coastal desert, mangrove and swampy areas. It is threatened by habitat loss.
The plain pigeon is a large-bodied bird (38 cm [15 in]) that superficially resembles the common city pigeon. At a distance it appears pale blue-gray overall. The head, hindneck, breast, and part of the folded wing are colored with a red-wine wash. When folded, the wing shows a white leading edge; in flight, it forms a conspicuous wing bar. Legs and feet are dark red. The female is slightly smaller and duller than the male. Juveniles are browner overall, with pale wing margins and dark eyes.
The plain pigeon is thought to represent a fairly recent island adaptation of the red-billed pigeon (P. flavirostria) or the Maranon pigeon (P. oenops), found in Central and South America. Three subspecies of the plain pigeon are recognized: P. i. inornata from Cuba and Hispaniola, P. i. exigua from Jamaica, and P. i. wetmorei from Puerto Rico.
Puerto Rican plain pigeon
During the 1970s, the Puerto Rican plain pigeon (P. i. wetmorei) was on the brink of extinction. A conservation program was introduced to save the species and now it numbers a few thousand individuals.
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