The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Parachordodes violaceus
  • Poinar, George, Jr., and Clay M. Chandler. 2004. Synopsis and identification of North American hairworms (Gordioidea: Nematomorpha). Journal of the Tennessee Academy of Science, vol. 79, no. 1. 1-7
  • Schmidt-Rhaesa A. (2015). FADA Nematomorpha: World checklist of freshwater Nematomorpha species (version Dec 2010). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Schmidt-Rhaesa, Andreas, Ben Hanelt, and Will K. Reeves. 2003. Redescription and compilation of Nearctic freshwater Nematomprpha (Gordiida), with the description of two new species. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, vol. 153. 77-117


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