The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • A. Murray bis. 1863. In: Proc. Roy. Hort. Soc. London 1863 (3): 318.
  • Bailey, L.H. & E.Z. Bailey. 1976. Hortus Third i–xiv, 1–1290. MacMillan, New York.
  • Bean, W.J. 1980. Trees and shrubs hardy in the British Isles, ed. 8, Vols. 1-4. John Murray, London
  • Farjon A. (2013). Conifer Database (version Jul 2011). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Farjon, A. 1990. Pinaceae. [Regnum Vegetabile Vol. 121]. Koeltz Scientific Books, Königstein
  • Grimshaw, J. & Bayton, R. 2009. New trees (recent introductions to cultivation). Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • Proceedings of the Royal Horticultural Society of London 3: 318. 1863. (Proc. Roy. Hort. Soc. London)
  •    
       
    1. Agee, James K. 1983. Fuel weights of understory-grown conifers in  southern Oregon. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 13(4):648-656. 
    2.  
    3. Aho, Paul E., Gary Fiddler, and Gregory M. Filip. 1989. Decay losses  associated with wounds in commercially thinned true fir stands in  northern California. USDA Forest Service, Research Paper PNW-RP-403.  Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Portland, OR. 8  p.
    4.  
    5. Alvarez, Isabel F., David L. Rowney, and Fields W. Cobb, Jr. 1979.  Canadian Journal of Forest Research 9:311-315.
    6.  
    7. Bega, R. V. 1978. Diseases of Pacific Coast conifers. U.S.  Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 521. Washington, DC. 206  p.
    8.  
    9. Critchfield, William B. 1988. Hybridization of the California firs.  Forest Science 34(l):139-151.
    10.  
    11. Etheridge, D. E., and H. M. Craig. 1975. Factors influencing  infection and initiation of decay by the Indian paint fungus (Echinodontium  tinctorium) in western hemlock. Canadian Journal of Forest Research  6:299-318.
    12.  
    13. Eyre, F. H., ed. 1980. Forest cover types of the United States and  Canada. Society of American Foresters, Washington, DC. 148 p.
    14.  
    15. Fowells, H. A., comp. 1965. Silvics of forest trees of the United  States. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 271.  Washington, DC. 762 p.
    16.  
    17. Franklin, Jerry F., and C. T. Dyrness. 1973. Natural vegetation of  Oregon and Washington. USDA Forest Service, General Technical Report  PNW-8. Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Portland,  OR. 417 p.
    18.  
    19. Franklin, Jerry F., and Kenneth W. Krueger. 1968. Germination of true  fir and mountain hemlock seed on snow. Journal of Forestry  66(5):416-417.
    20.  
    21. Franklin, Jerry F., and Clark E. Smith. 1974. Seeding habits of  upper-slope tree species. III. Dispersal of white and Shasta red fir  seeds on a clearcut. USDA Forest Service, Research Note PNW-215. Pacific  Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Portland, OR. 9 p.
    22.  
    23. Franklin, Jerry F., Richard Carkin, and Jack Booth. 1974. Seeding  habits of upper-slope tree species. L. A. 12-year record of cone  production. USDA Forest Service, Research Note PNW-213. Pacific  Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Portland, OR. 12 p.
    24.  
    25. Furniss, R. L., and V. M. Carolin. 1977. Western forest insects. U.S.  Department of Agriculture, Miscellaneous Publication 1339. Washington,  DC. 654 p.
    26.  
    27. Gordon, Donald T. 1970. Natural regeneration of white and red fir ...  influence of several factors. USDA Forest Service, Research Paper  PSW-58. Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Berkeley,  CA. 32 p.
    28.  
    29. Gordon, Donald T. 1973. Damage from wind and other causes in mixed  white fir-red fir stands adjacent to clearcuttings. USDA Forest Service,  Research Paper PSW-90. Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment  Station, Berkeley, CA. 22 p.
    30.  
    31. Gordon, Donald T. 1973. Released advanced reproduction of white and  red fir ... growth, damage, mortality. USDA Forest Service, Research  Paper PSW-95. Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station,  Berkeley, CA. 12 p.
    32.  
    33. Gordon, Donald T. 1978. California red fir literature: some  corrections and comments. Forest Science 24(2):52-57.
    34.  
    35. Gordon, Donald T. 1978. White and red fir cone production in  northeastern California: report of a 16-year study. USDA, Forest  Service, Research Note PSW-330. Pacific Southwest Forest and Range  Experiment Station, Berkeley, CA. 4 p.
    36.  
    37. Gordon, Donald T. 1979. Successful natural regeneration cuttings in  California true firs. USDA Forest Service, Research Paper PSW-140.  Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Berkeley, CA. 14  p.
    38.  
    39. Gordon, Donald T., and E. E. Bowen. 1978. Herbs and brush on  California red fir regeneration sites: a species and frequency sampling.  USDA Forest Service, Research Note PSW-329. Pacific Southwest Forest and  Range Experiment Station, Berkeley, CA. 10 p.
    40.  
    41. Gray, J. T. 1979. Vegetation of two California mountain slopes.  Madrofio 25(4):177-185.
    42.  
    43. Griffin, James R., and William B. Critchfield. 1972. The distribution  of forest trees in California. USDA Forest Service, Research Paper  PSW-82/1972 (reprinted with supplement, 1976). Pacific Southwest Forest  and Range Experiment Station, Berkeley, CA. 118 p.
    44.  
    45. Gross, Rob and Robert J. Laacke. 1984. Pocket gophers girdle large  true firs in northeastern California. Tree Planters Notes 35(2):28-30. 
    46.  
    47. Helms, J. A. 1980. The California region. In Regional silviculture of  the United States. p. 391-446. John W. Barrett, ed. John Wiley, New  York.
    48.  
    49. Laacke, Robert J. 1978-79. Unpublished data. Pacific Southwest Forest  and Range Experiment Station, Redding, CA.
    50.  
    51. Minore, Don. 1979. Comparative autecological characteristics of  northwestern tree species-a literature review. USDA Forest Service,  General Technical Report PNW-87. Pacific Northwest Forest and Range  Experiment Station, Portland, OR. 72 p.
    52.  
    53. Munz, Philip A., and David E. Keck. 1968. A California flora with  supplement. University of California Press, Berkeley, CA. 1905 p.
    54.  
    55. Oliver, William W. 1974. Seed maturity in white fir and red fir. USDA  Forest Service, Research Paper PSW-99. Pacific Southwest Forest and  Range Experiment Station, Berkeley, CA. 12 p.
    56.  
    57. Oliver, William W. 1970-82. Unpublished data. Pacific Southwest  Forest and Range Experiment Station, Redding, CA.
    58.  
    59. Oliver, William W. 1988. Ten-year growth response of a California red  and white fir sawtimber stand to several thinning intensities. Western  Journal of Applied Forestry 3(2):41-43.
    60.  
    61. Parker, Albert J. 1984. Mixed forests of red and white fir in  Yosemite National Park, California. The American Midland Naturalist  112(l):15-23.
    62.  
    63. Parker, Albert J. 1986. Environmental and historical factors  affecting red and white fir regeneration in ecotonal forests. Forest  Science 32(2):339-347.
    64.  
    65. Parker, I., and W. Matyas. 1980. CALVEG: a classification of  Californian vegetation. 2d ed. USDA Forest Service, Regional Ecology  Group, San Francisco, CA. 168 p.
    66.  
    67. Scharpf, R. F. 1978. Control of dwarf mistletoe on true firs in the  west. In Proceedings, Symposium on Dwarf Mistletoe Through Forest  Management. p. 117-123. USDA Forest Service, General Technical Report  PSW-31. Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Berkeley,  CA.
    68.  
    69. Scharpf, R. F. 1981. Personal communication. Pacific Southwest Forest  and Range Experiment Station, Berkeley, CA.
    70.  
    71. Schopmeyer, C. S., tech. coord. 1974. Seeds of woody plants in the  United States. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 450.  Washington, DC. 883 p.
    72.  
    73. Schumacher, F. X. 1928. Yield, stand and volume tables for red fir in  California. University of California Agricultural Experiment Station,  Bulletin 456. Berkeley, CA. 29 p.
    74.  
    75. Seidel, K. W. 1977. Suppressed red fir respond well to release. USDA  Forest Service, Research Note PNW-288. Pacific Northwest Forest and  Range Experiment Station, Portland, OR. 7 p.
    76.  
    77. U.S. Army, Corps of Engineers. 1956. Snow hydrology. Summary report  of the snow investigations of the North Pacific Division. Portland, OR.  437 p.
    78.  
    79. Wilcox, W. W., W. Y. Pong, and J. R. Parmeter. 1973. Effects of  mistletoe and other defects on lumber quality in white fir. Wood and  Fiber 4(4):272-277.
    80.  
    81. Zavarin, E., W. B. Critchfield, and K. Snajberk, 1978. Geographic  differentiation of monoterpenes from Abies Procera and Abies  magnifica. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 6:267-278.
    82.  
    83. Zieroth, E. 1978. The vegetation and environment of red fir  clear-cuts in the central Sierra Nevada, California. Thesis (M.A.),  California State University, Fresno, CA.
    84.  
     

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