The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • Aeschimann, D. & C. Heitz. 2005. Synonymie-Index der Schweizer Flora und der angrenzenden Gebiete (SISF). 2te Auflage. Documenta Floristicae Helvetiae N° 2. Genève.   http://www.crsf.ch/ External link.
  • Boletim da Sociedade Broteriana, sér. 2 24: 74. 1950. (Bol. Soc. Brot., sér. 2,)
  • Burns, Russell M., and Barbara H. Honkala, technical coordinators. 1990. Silvics of North America: 1. Conifers; 2. Hardwoods.   Agriculture Handbook 654 (Supersedes Agriculture Handbook 271,Silvics of Forest Trees of the United States, 1965).   U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Washington, DC. vol.2, 877 pp.   http://www.na.fs.fed.us/spfo/pubs/silvics_manual/table_of_contents.htm External link.
  • CONABIO. 2009. Catálogo taxonómico de especies de México. 1. In Capital Nat. México. CONABIO, Mexico City.
  • Farjon A. (2013). Conifer Database (version Jul 2011). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Franco. 1950. In: Conif. Duarum Nom.: 4. 1950 [& Bol. Soc. Brot., ser. 2, 24: 74. 1
  • Hess, H. & al. (1976-1980). Flora der Schweiz. Ed. 2. Birkhäuser, Basel.
  • Image metadata at Bioimages (http://bioimages.vanderbilt.edu/)   http://bioimages.vanderbilt.edu/baskauf/00000 External link.
  • Landolt, E. (1977). Ökologische Zeigerwerte zur Schweizer Flora. Veröff. Geobot. Inst. ETH Stiftung Rübel Zürich 64.
  • Marticorena C & R Rodríguez . 1995-2005. Flora de Chile. Vols 1, 2(1-3). Ed. Universidad de Concepción, Concepción. 351 pp., 99 pp., 93 pp., 128 pp. Matthei O. 1995. Manual de las malezas que crecen en Chile. Alfabeta Impresores. 545 p.
  • Pseudotsuga menzeisii
  • Zuloaga, F. O., O. N. Morrone, M. J. Belgrano, C. Marticorena & E. Marchesi. (eds.) 2008. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares del Cono Sur. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 107(1–3): i–xcvi, 1–3348.
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    1. Adams, David L. 1981. The northern Rocky Mountain region. In Regional  silviculture of the United States. p. 341-389. John W. Barrett, ed. John  Wiley, New York.
    2.  
    3. Alexander, Robert R. 1974. Silviculture of subalpine forests in the  central and southern Rocky Mountains: the status of our knowledge. USDA  Forest Service, Research Paper RM-121. Rocky Mountain Forest and Range  Experiment Station, Fort Collins, CO. 88 p.
    4.  
    5. Alexander, Robert R. 1985. Major habitat types, community types, and  plant communities in the Rocky Mountains. USDA Forest Service, General  Technical Report RM-123. Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment  Station, Fort Collins, CO. 105 p.
    6.  
    7. Alexander, Robert R. 1988. Forest vegetation on National Forests in  the Rocky Mountain and Intermountain regions: habitat types and  community types. USDA Forest Service, General Technical Report RM-162.  Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, Fort Collins, CO. 47  p.
    8.  
    9. Allen, George S., and John N. Owens. 1972. The life history of  Douglas-fir. Environment Canada, Canadian Forestry Service, Ottawa, ON.  139 p.
    10.  
    11. Baldwin, John L. 1973. Climate of the United States. U.S. Department  of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration,  Washington, DC. 47 p.
    12.  
    13. Black, Hugh C., Edward J. Dimock II, James Evans, and James A.  Rochelle. 1979. Animal damage to coniferous plantations in Oregon and  Washington. Oregon State University, School of Forestry, Research  Bulletin 25. Corvallis. 45 p.
    14.  
    15. Brodie, J. Douglas, and John D. Walstad. 1987. Douglas-fir growth and  yield response to vegetation management. In Forest vegetation management  for conifer production. p. 273-294. John D. Walstad and Peter J. Kuch,  eds. John Wiley and Sons, New York. 523 p.
    16.  
    17. Cafferata, Stephen L. 1986. Douglas-fir stand establishment overview:  Western Oregon and Washington. In Douglas-fir: Stand management  for the future. p. 211-218. Chadwick D. Oliver, Donald P. Hanley, and  Jay A. Johnson, eds. University of Washington, College of Forest  Resources, Institute of Forest Resources, Contribution 55. Seattle. 
    18.  
    19. Cahill, James M., Thomas A. Snellgrove, and Thomas D. Fahey. 1986.  The case for pruning young-growth stands of Douglas-fir. In Douglas-fir:  Stand management for the future. p. 123-131. Chadwick D. Oliver, Donald  P. Hanley, and Jay A. Johnson, eds. University of Washington, College of  Forest Resources, Institute of Forest Resources, Contribution 55.  Seattle.
    20.  
    21. Campbell, Robert K. 1979. Genecology of Douglas-fir in a watershed in  the Oregon Cascades. Ecology 60(5):1036-1050.
    22.  
    23. Christie, J. M. 1988. Levels of production class of Douglas fir.  Scottish Forestry 42(l):21-32.
    24.  
    25. Cleary, Brian D., Robert D. Greaves, and Richard K. Hermann. 1978.  Regenerating Oregon's forests. A guide for the regeneration forester.  Oregon State University Extension Service, Corvallis. 286 p.
    26.  
    27. Cochran, P. H. 1979. Gross yields for even-aged stands of Douglas-fir  and white or grand fir east of the Cascades in Oregon and Washington.  USDA Forest Service, Research Paper PNW-263. Pacific Northwest Forest  and Range Experiment Station, Portland, OR. 17 p.
    28.  
    29. Curtis, Robert 0., Francis R. Herman, and Donald J. DeMars. 1974.  Height growth and site index for Douglas-fir in high-elevation forests  of the Oregon-Washington Cascades. Forest Science 20(4):307-316.
    30.  
    31. Curtis, Robert 0., Gary W. Clendenen, Donald L. Reukema, and Donald  J. DeMars. 1982. Yield tables for managed stands of coast Douglas-fir.  USDA Forest Service, General Technical Report PNW-135. Pacific Northwest  Forest and Range Experiment Station, Portland, OR. 182 p.
    32.  
    33. Daniel, T. W. 1981. The middle and southern Rocky Mountain region.  In Regional silviculture of the United States. p. 277-340. John  W. Barrett, ed. John Wiley, New York.
    34.  
    35. Dick, James. 1955. Studies of Douglas fir seed flight in south  western Washington. Weyerhaeuser Timber Company, Forestry Research Note  12. Tacoma, WA. 4 p.
    36.  
    37. Dobbs, R. C., D. G. W. Edwards, J. Konishi, and D. Wallinger. 1974.  Guideline to collecting cones of British Columbia conifers. British  Columbia Forest Service, Canadian Forestry Service, Joint Report 3.  Victoria, BC. 98 p.
    38.  
    39. Eyre, F. H., ed. 1980. Forest cover types of the United States and  Canada. Society of American Foresters, Washington, DC. 148 p.
    40.  
    41. Franklin, Jerry F., and C. T. Dyrness. 1973. Natural vegetation of  Oregon and Washington. USDA Forest Service, General Technical Report  PNW-8. Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Portland,  OR. 417 p. (Reprinted 1988, Oregon State University Press, Corvallis.) 
    42.  
    43. Franklin, Jerry F., and Richard H. Waring. 1980. Distinctive features  of the northwestern coniferous forest: Development, structure, and  function. In Forests: fresh perspectives from ecosystem analysis. p.  59-86. Richard H. Waring, ed. Proceedings of the 40th Annual Biology  Colloquium, Oregon State University Press, Corvallis.
    44.  
    45. Frothingham, E. H. 1909. Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga taxifolia (Lamb.)  Britton): a study of the Rocky Mountain and Pacific Coast forms. USDA  Forest Service, Circular 150. 38 p.
    46.  
    47. Furniss, R. L., and V. M. Carolin. 1977. Western forest insects. USDA  Forest Service, Miscellaneous Publication 1339. Washington, DC. 654 p. 
    48.  
    49. Garman, E. H. 1955. Regeneration problems and their silvicultural  significance in the coastal forests of British Columbia. Department  of Lands and Forests, British Columbia Forest Service, Technical  Publication T.41. Victoria. 67 p.
    50.  
    51. Hawksworth, Frank G., and Delbert Wiens. 1972. Biology and  classification of dwarf-mistletoes (Arceuthobium). U.S. Department of  Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 401. Washington, DC. 234 p.
    52.  
    53. Hedlin, Alan F., Harry 0. Yates III, David Cibrian Tovar, and others.  1980. Cone and seed insects of North American conifers. Environment  Canada, Canadian Forestry Service, Ottawa, ON; USDA Forest Service,  Washington, DC; Secretaria de Agricultura y Recursos Hidraulicos,  Chapingo, Mexico. 122 p.
    54.  
    55. Hepting, George H. 1971. Diseases of forest and shade trees of the  United States. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 386.  Washington, DC. 658 p.
    56.  
    57. Hermann, Richard K. 1977. Growth and production of tree roots. In The  below-ground ecosystem: a synthesis of plant-associated processes. John  K. Marshall, ed. Colorado State University, Range Science Department,  Science Series 26. Fort Collins. 351 p.
    58.  
    59. Hermann, Richard K. 1985. The genus Pseudotsuga: Ancestral history  and past distribution. Oregon State University, College of Forestry,  Forest Research Laboratory Special Publication 2b. Corvallis. 32 p. 
    60.  
    61. Hermann, Richard K. 1987. North American tree species in Europe.  Journal of Forestry 85 (12):27-32.
    62.  
    63. Hermann, Richard K., and William W. Chilcote. 1965. Effect of  seedbeds on germination and survival of Douglas-fir. Oregon State  University, School of Forestry, Forest Research Laboratory Research  Paper 4. Corvallis. 28 p.
    64.  
    65. Hermann, Richard K., and Denis P. Lavender. 1968. Early growth of  Douglas-fir from various altitudes and aspects in southern Oregon.  Silvae Genetica 17(4):143-151.
    66.  
    67. Isaac, Leo A. 1943. Reproductive habits of Douglas-fir. Charles  Lathrop Pack Forestry Foundation, Washington, DC. 107 p.
    68.  
    69. Krauch, Hermann. 1956. Management of Douglas-fir timberland in the  Southwest. USDA Forest Service, Station Paper 21. Rocky Mountain Forest  and Range Experiment Station, Fort Collins, CO. 59 p.
    70.  
    71. Lanner, Ronald M. 1961. Living stumps in the Sierra Nevada. Ecology  42:170-173.
    72.  
    73. Lavender, Denis P. 1984. Plant physiology and nursery environments:  Interactions affecting seedling growth. In Forest nursery manual:  Production of bare-rooted seedlings. p. 133-141. Mary L. Duryea and  Thomas D. Landis, eds. Martinus Nijhoff/Dr. W. Junk Publishers, Boston,  MA.
    74.  
    75. Li, Peng, and W. T. Adams. 1989. Range-wide patterns of allozyme  variation in Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii). Canadian Journal of  Forest Research 19:149-161.
    76.  
    77. McArdle, Richard E., Walter H. Meyer, and Donald Bruce. 1961. The  yield of Douglas-fir in the Pacific Northwest. U.S. Department of  Agriculture, Technical Bulletin 201. Washington, DC. 74 p.
    78.  
    79. Means, Joseph E., and Mary E. Helm. 1985. Height growth and site  index curves for Douglas-fir on dry sites in the Willamette National  Forest. USDA Forest Service, Research Paper PNW-341. Pacific Northwest  Forest and Range Experiment Station, Portland, OR. 17 p.
    80.  
    81. Miller, Richard E., Paul R. Barker, Charles E. Peterson, and Steve R.  Webster. 1986. Using nitrogen fertilizer in management of coast  Douglas-fir: I. Regional trends and response. In Douglas-fir: Stand  management for the future. p. 290-303. Chadwick D. Oliver, Donald P.  Hanley, and Jay A. Johnson, eds. University of Washington, College of  Forest Resources, Institute of Forest Resources, Contribution 55.  Seattle.
    82.  
    83. Minore, Don. 1979. Comparative autecological characteristics of  northwestern tree species: a literature review. USDA Forest Service,  General Technical Report PNW-87. Pacific Northwest Forest and Range  Experiment Station, Portland, OR. 72 p.
    84.  
    85. Monserud, Robert A. 1984. Height growth and site index curves for  inland Douglas-fir based on stem analysis data and forest habitat type.  Forest Science 30(4):943-965.
    86.  
    87. Moore, James A. 1988. Response of Douglas-fir, grand fir, and western  white pine to forest fertilization. In Proceedings-future forests of the  Mountain West: A stand culture symposium. Missoula, MT, Sept. 29-Oct. 3,  1986. p. 226-230. Wyman C. Schmidt, comp. USDA Forest Service, General  Technical Report INT-243. Intermountain Research Station, Ogden, UT. 
    88.  
    89. Owston, Peyton W., and William I. Stein. 1974. Pseudotsuga Carr.  Douglas-fir. In Seeds of woody plants in the United States. p. 674-683.  C. S. Schopmeyer, tech. coord. U.S. Department of Agriculture,  Agriculture Handbook 450. Washington, DC.
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    91. Pfister, Robert D., Bernard L. Kovalchik, Stephen F. Arno, and  Richard C. Presby. 1977. Forest habitat types of Montana. USDA Forest  Service, General Technical Report INT-34. Intermountain Forest and Range  Experiment Station, Ogden, UT. 174 p.
    92.  
    93. Rehfeldt, G. E. 1983. Seed transfer guidelines for Douglas-fir in  central Idaho. USDA Forest Service, Research Note INT-337. Intermountain  Forest and Range Experiment Station, Ogden, UT. 4 p.
    94.  
    95. Rudloff, Ernst von. 1972. Chemosystematic studies in the genus Pseudotsuga.  I. Leaf oil analysis of the coastal and Rocky Mountain varieties of  the Douglas fir. Canadian Journal of Botany 50(5):1025-1040.
    96.  
    97. Ryker, Russell A. 1975. A survey of factors affecting regeneration of  Rocky Mountain Douglas-fir. USDA Forest Service, Research Paper INT-174.  Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, Ogden, UT. 19 p. 
    98.  
    99. Ryker, Russell A., and Jack Losensky. 1983. Ponderosa pine and Rocky  Mountain Douglas-fir. In Silvicultural systems for the major forest  types of the United States. p. 53-55. Russell M. Burns, tech. comp. U.S.  Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 445. Washington, DC. 
    100.  
    101. Santantonio, D., and R. K. Hermann. 1985. Standing crop, production,  and turnover of fine roots on dry, moderate, and wet sites of mature  Douglas-fir in western Oregon. Annales des Sciences Forestieres  42(2):113-142.
    102.  
    103. Schmidt, R. G. 1957. The silvics and plant geography of the genus  Abies in the coastal forests of British Columbia. Department of  Lands and Forests, British Columbia Forest Service, Technical  Publication T.46. Victoria. 31 p.
    104.  
    105. Schmidt, Wyman C. 1969. Seedbed treatments influence seedling  development in western larch forests. USDA Forest Service, Research Note  INT-93. Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, Ogden, UT. 7  p.
    106.  
    107. Schubert, Gilbert H., and Ronald S. Adams. 1971. Reforestation  practices for conifers in California. California State Division of  Forestry, Sacramento. 359 p.
    108.  
    109. Scott, David R. M. 1981. The Pacific Northwest region. In Regional  silviculture of the United States. p. 447-493. John W. Barrett, ed. John  Wiley, New York.
    110.  
    111. Silen, Roy R. 1978. Genetics of Douglas-fir. USDA Forest Service,  Research Paper WO-35. Washington, DC. 34 p.
    112.  
    113. Staebler, George R. 1956. Evidence of shock following thinning of  young Douglas-fir. Journal of Forestry 54(5):339.
    114.  
    115. Sutherland, Jack R., and Evert van Eerden. 1980. Diseases and insect  pests in British Columbia forest nurseries. British Columbia Ministry of  Forests, Canadian Forestry Service, Joint Report 12. Victoria. 55 p. 
    116.  
    117. Trappe, James M. 1977. Selection of fungi for ectomycorrhizal  inoculation in nurseries. Annual Review of Phytopathology 15:203-222. 
    118.  
    119. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. 1975. Forest nursery  diseases in the United States. Glenn W. Peterson and Richard S. Smith,  Jr., tech. coords. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook  470. Washington, DC. 125 p-
    120.  
    121. U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service. 1981.  Survey of forest-animal damage in southwest Oregon. Job Completion  Report. Denver Wildlife Research Center, Forest Animal Research, Denver,  CO. 31 p.
    122.  
    123. U.S. Department of Commerce, Weather Bureau. 1957. Climatic summary  of the United States. Reprinted Series 11. U.S. Department of Commerce,  Washington, DC.
    124.  
    125. Washington State University. 1979. Forest soils of the Douglas-fir  region. P. E. Heilman, H. W. Anderson, and D. M. Baumgartner, eds.  Washington State University Cooperative Extension Service, Pullman. 298  p.
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    127. Williamson, Richard L., and Asa D. Twombly. 1983. Pacific  Douglas-fir. In Silvicultural systems for the major forest types  of the United States. p. 9-12. Russell M. Burns, comp. U.S. Department  of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 445. Washington, DC.
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