Data about <i>Taxodium distichum</i>

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Distribution

 
native range includes
Additional detail
Lower 48 United States of America
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
geographic distribution
  • geographic distribution
    A description of the geographic distribution, or range, of the taxon. Includes descriptions of global, regional, or political aspects of range and whether the taxon is native or introduced in portions of the range and endemicity.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/SPMInfoItems#Distribution
Additional detail
Asia - China - Fujian
Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail
Asia - China - Guangdong
Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail
Asia - China - Guangxi
Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail
Asia - China - Henan
Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail
Asia - China - Hubei
Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail
Asia - China - Jiangsu
Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail
Asia - China - Jiangxi
Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail
Asia - China - Sichuan
Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail
Asia - China - Yunnan
Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail
Asia - China - Zhejiang
Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail
South America - Venezuela - Táchira
Missouri Botanical Garden  
 
latitude min
  • latitude
    The geographic latitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are north of the Equator, negative values are south of it. Legal values lie between -90 and 90, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLatitude
Additional detail
27.37 degrees
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
latitude max
  • latitude
    The geographic latitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are north of the Equator, negative values are south of it. Legal values lie between -90 and 90, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLatitude
Additional detail
30.42 degrees
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
longitude min
  • longitude
    The geographic longitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are east of the Greenwich Meridian, negative values are west of it. Legal values lie between -180 and 180, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLongitude
Additional detail
-97.4 degrees
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
longitude max
  • longitude
    The geographic longitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are east of the Greenwich Meridian, negative values are west of it. Legal values lie between -180 and 180, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLongitude
Additional detail
-82.7 degrees
OBIS Environmental Information  

Physical Description

 
flower color
Additional detail
purple
  • purple
    A color that falls about midway between red and blue in hue.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000951
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
leaf color
Additional detail
green
  • green
    A color hue with medium-low wavelength of that portion of the visible spectrum lying between yellow and blue, evoked in the human observer by radiant energy with wavelengths of approximately 490 to 570 nanometers.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000320
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
plant height median
Additional detail
130 ft mature
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
plant height average
Additional detail
60 ft mature
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
 
plant height max
Additional detail
45 ft base age
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
plant height
Additional detail
60 ft adult
See original source  
  • source missing
 
fruit or seed color
Additional detail
brown
  • brown
    A color consisting of dark orange, red, of very low intensity.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000952
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
wood density
Additional detail
0.42 g/cm³
Global Wood Density Database  
 
plant growth habit
  • plant growth habit
    The general growth form of a plant - its size and branching - also its woodiness. Some plants have different growth habits depending on environment or location, so a plant can have more than one value.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PlantHabit
Additional detail
tree
  • tree
    Perennial, woody plant with a single stem (trunk), normally greater than 4 to 5 meters (13 to 16 feet) in height; under certain environmental conditions, some tree species may develop a multi-stemmed or short growth form (less than 4 meters or 13 feet in height).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/tree
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail
tree
  • tree
    Perennial, woody plant with a single stem (trunk), normally greater than 4 to 5 meters (13 to 16 feet) in height; under certain environmental conditions, some tree species may develop a multi-stemmed or short growth form (less than 4 meters or 13 feet in height).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/tree
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail
tree
  • tree
    Perennial, woody plant with a single stem (trunk), normally greater than 4 to 5 meters (13 to 16 feet) in height; under certain environmental conditions, some tree species may develop a multi-stemmed or short growth form (less than 4 meters or 13 feet in height).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/tree
Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History Department of Botany  
Additional detail
tree
  • tree
    Perennial, woody plant with a single stem (trunk), normally greater than 4 to 5 meters (13 to 16 feet) in height; under certain environmental conditions, some tree species may develop a multi-stemmed or short growth form (less than 4 meters or 13 feet in height).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/tree
See original source  
  • source missing
 
shape
Additional detail
conical
  • conical
    A convex 3-D shape quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's resembling a cone (a 3-D shape with a round cross section that tapers).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002021
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
primary growth form
  • primary growth form
    The primary growth form on the landscape in relation to soil stabilization on slopes and streamsides. Each plant species is assigned the single growth form that most enhances its ability to stabilize soil.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrimaryGrowthForm
Additional detail
single stem
  • single stem
    Plant development by the production of one stem. Examples: corn (Zea mays) and American beech (Fagus grandifolia).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/singleStem
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
carbon-to-nitrogen ratio
Additional detail
high (>59)
  • high (>59)
    The percentage of organic carbon divided by the percentage of total nitrogen in organic material is higher than 59.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/highCNRatio
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
foliage texture
Additional detail
smooth
  • smooth
    A texture quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's processing a surface free of roughness or irregularities.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000701
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  

Ecology

 
frost free days min
  • frost free days
    The average number of frost-free days within the plant’s known geographical range. For cultivars, the geographical range is defined as the area to which the cultivar is well adapted rather than marginally adapted.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/FrostFreeDays
Additional detail
160 days
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
precipitation tolerance min
  • precipitation tolerance
    Minimum tolerable rainfall (in inches), expressed as the average annual minimum precipitation that occurs 20% of the time (i.e., the probability of it being this dry in any given year is 20%) at the driest climate station within the known geographical range of the plant. geographical range of the plant. For cultivars, the geographical range is defined as the area to which the cultivar is well adapted rather than marginally adapted.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrecipitationTolerance
Additional detail
40 inch
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
precipitation tolerance max
  • precipitation tolerance
    Minimum tolerable rainfall (in inches), expressed as the average annual minimum precipitation that occurs 20% of the time (i.e., the probability of it being this dry in any given year is 20%) at the driest climate station within the known geographical range of the plant. geographical range of the plant. For cultivars, the geographical range is defined as the area to which the cultivar is well adapted rather than marginally adapted.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrecipitationTolerance
Additional detail
65 inch
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
soil depth min
  • soil depth
    The minimum depth of soil required for good growth. Plants that do not have roots such as rootless aquatic plants (floating or submerged) and epiphytes are assigned a minimum root depth value of zero.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/SoilDepth
Additional detail
40 inch
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
low temperature tolerance min
  • low temperature tolerance
    The minimum tolerable temperature is the lowest temperature recorded in the plant’s historical range. If this is not available, the record low January temperature recorded at climate stations within the current geographical range of the plant is used. This definition does not apply to summer annuals.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/TemperatureTolerance
Additional detail
-18 degrees Fahrenheit
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
habitat
Additional detail
bay
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
clay
  • clay
    A group of hydrous aluminium phyllosilicate (phyllosilicates being a subgroup of silicate minerals) minerals (see clay minerals), that are typically less than 2micrometres in diameter. Clay consists of a variety of phyllosilicate minerals rich in silicon and aluminium oxides and hydroxides which include variable amounts of structural water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002982
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
coast
  • coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
coastal plain
  • coastal plain
    An area of flat, low-lying land adjacent to a seacoast and separated from the interior by other features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000090
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
coastal plain
  • coastal plain
    An area of flat, low-lying land adjacent to a seacoast and separated from the interior by other features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000090
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
coastal plain
  • coastal plain
    An area of flat, low-lying land adjacent to a seacoast and separated from the interior by other features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000090
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
coniferous forest biome
  • coniferous forest biome
    A coniferous forest biome is a forest biome which contains densely packed populations or communities of coniferous trees, strongly limiting light penetration to the forest floor.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000196
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
flood plain
  • flood plain
    An area which is subject to periodic flooding.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000255
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
flood plain
  • flood plain
    An area which is subject to periodic flooding.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000255
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
flood plain
  • flood plain
    An area which is subject to periodic flooding.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000255
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
forest
  • forest
    An area with a high density of trees. A small forest may be called a wood.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000111
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
forest
  • forest
    An area with a high density of trees. A small forest may be called a wood.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000111
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
fresh water
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
freshwater habitat
  • freshwater habitat
    A habitat that is in or on a body of water containing low concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids (<0.5 grams dissolved salts per litre).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002037
IUCN  
Additional detail
lake
  • lake
    A body of water or other liquid of considerable size contained on a body of land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000020
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
Large river biome
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
mangrove biome
  • mangrove biome
    A mangrove biome is a terrestrial biome which includes, across its spatial extent, mangrove plants (Rhizophoraceae). Mangrove plants are able to withstand high levels of salinity as well as regions of anoxia and frequent tidal inundation. Mangrove biomes often occur near tropical and sub-tropical estuaries and depositional marine coastal environments where fine sediments (often with high organic content) collect in areas protected from high energy wave action.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000181
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
marsh
  • marsh
    A wetland, featuring grasses, rushes, reeds, typhas, sedges, and other herbaceous plants (possibly with low-growing woody plants) in a context of shallow water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000035
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
marsh
  • marsh
    A wetland, featuring grasses, rushes, reeds, typhas, sedges, and other herbaceous plants (possibly with low-growing woody plants) in a context of shallow water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000035
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
mixed forest biome
  • mixed forest biome
    A mixed forest biome is a forest biome which contains densely packed populations or communities of broadleaf and coniferous trees, strongly limiting light penetration to the forest floor.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000198
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
national park
  • national park
    A reserve of land, usually, but not always declared and owned by a national government, protected from most human development and pollution. National parks are a protected area of IUCN category II.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000367
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
peat soil
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
river
  • river
    Natural freshwater surface streams of considerable volume and a permanent or seasonal flow, moving in a definite channel toward a sea, lake, or another river; any large streams, or ones larger than brooks or creeks, such as the trunk stream and larger branches of a drainage system.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000022
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
sand
  • sand
    A naturally occurring granular material composed of finely divided rock and mineral particles.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000017
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
savanna
  • savanna
    A grassland of the tropics or subtropics with scattered trees.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000261
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
scrubland
  • scrubland
    Area covered with low-growing or stunted perennial vegetation and usually not mixed with trees.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000300
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
scrubland
  • scrubland
    Area covered with low-growing or stunted perennial vegetation and usually not mixed with trees.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000300
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
sea
  • sea
    A large expanse of saline water usually connected with an ocean.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000016
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
sea water
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
sediment
  • sediment
    Sediment is an environmental substance comprised of any particulate matter that can be transported by fluid flow and which eventually is deposited as a layer of solid particles on the bedor bottom of a body of water or other liquid.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002007
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
silt
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
soil
  • soil
    Any material within 2 m from the Earth's surface that is in contact with the atmosphere, with the exclusion of living organisms, areas with continuous ice not covered by other material, and water bodies deeper than 2 m.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00001998
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
soil
  • soil
    Any material within 2 m from the Earth's surface that is in contact with the atmosphere, with the exclusion of living organisms, areas with continuous ice not covered by other material, and water bodies deeper than 2 m.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00001998
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
stream
  • stream
    Linear body of water flowing on the Earth's surface.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000023
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
subtropical
Environments - EOL project  
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surface water
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
swamp
  • swamp
    A wetland that features permanent inundation of large areas of land by shallow bodies of water, generally with a substantial number of hummocks, or dry-land protrusions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000233
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
swamp
  • swamp
    A wetland that features permanent inundation of large areas of land by shallow bodies of water, generally with a substantial number of hummocks, or dry-land protrusions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000233
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
terrestrial biome
  • terrestrial biome
    A biome that applies to the terrestrial realm.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000446
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
terrestrial habitat
  • terrestrial habitat
    A habitat that is on or at the boundary of the surface of the Earth.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002009
IUCN  
Additional detail
valley
  • valley
    A depression caused by erosion by water or ice. Low-lying land bordered by higher ground; especially elongate, relatively large gently sloping depressions of the Earth's surface, commonly situated between two mountains or between ranges of hills or mountains, and often containing a stream with an outlet.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000100
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
wetland
  • wetland
    An area that is inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000043
See original source  
  • source missing
Additional detail
wetland
  • wetland
    An area that is inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000043
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
wetland
  • wetland
    An area that is inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000043
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
wetland
  • wetland
    An area that is inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000043
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
wetland
  • wetland
    An area that is inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000043
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail
woodland
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
woodland
Environments - EOL project  
 
wetland indicator status (NWPL)
  • wetland indicator status (NWPL)
    Five indicator statuses, or ratings, are used in the United States National Wetland Plant List to designate a plant species’ preference for occurrence in a wetland or upland: Upland (UPL), Facultative Upland (FACU), Facultative (FAC), Facultative Wetland (FACW), and Obligate Wetland (OBL). The statuses represent the estimated probability of a species occurring in wetlands versus nonwetlands in a region.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/WetlandIndicatorStatus
Additional detail
obligate wetland
National Wetland Plant List  
Additional detail
obligate wetland
National Wetland Plant List  
Additional detail
obligate wetland
National Wetland Plant List  
Additional detail
obligate wetland
National Wetland Plant List  
Additional detail
obligate wetland
National Wetland Plant List  
Additional detail
obligate wetland
National Wetland Plant List  
Additional detail
obligate wetland
National Wetland Plant List  
 
interacts with
  • interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWith
Additional detail GloBI  
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water depth min
Additional detail
1.5 m
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water depth max
Additional detail
1.5 m
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
elevation median
Additional detail
52.1 m
Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)  
 
elevation mean
Additional detail
52.1 m
Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)  
 
elevation min
Additional detail
45.5 m
Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)  
 
elevation max
Additional detail
58.7 m
Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)  
 
elevation measurement
Additional detail
10 m
Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History Department of Botany  
 
fire resistance
Additional detail
is not fire resistant
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
allelopathic effect
  • allelopathic effect
    This is an assay of any direct or indirect, harmful or beneficial effect of one plant on another through the production of chemical compounds (allelochemicals) that escape in the environment.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/TO_0000624
Additional detail
no known allelopathy
  • no known allelopathy
    There is no evidence that the organism produces compounds (allelochemicals) that influence the growth, survival, and reproduction of other organisms.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/allelopathyUnknown
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
soil requirements
Additional detail
adapted to coarse textured soils
  • adapted to coarse textured soils
    This plan can establish and grow in soil with a coarse textured surface layer. Includes: Sand, Coarse sand, Fine sand, Loamy coarse sand, Loamy fine sand, Loamy very fine sand, Very fine sand, Loamy sand.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/coarseSoilYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail
adapted to fine textured soils
  • adapted to fine textured soils
    This plan can establish and grow in soil with a fine textured surface layer. Includes: Sandy clay, Silty clay, Clay.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fineSoilYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail
adapted to medium textured soils
  • adapted to medium textured soils
    This plan can establish and grow in soil with a medium textured surface layer. Includes: Silt, Sandy clay loam, Very fine sandy loam, Silty clay loam, Silt loam, Loam, Fine sandy loam, Sandy loam, Coarse sandy loam.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/mediumSoilYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail
needs wet to average soils
See original source  
  • source missing
Additional detail
needs wet to average soils
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
 
anaerobic soil tolerance
Additional detail
high tolerance
  • high tolerance
    increased tolerance to: A tolerance quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's increased ability to endure a stimulus.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002393
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
drought tolerance
Additional detail
low tolerance
  • low tolerance
    decreased tolerance to: A tolerance quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's decreased ability to endure a stimulus.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002394
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
calcareous soil tolerance
  • calcareous soil tolerance
    The relative tolerance of the plant to calcareous soil. Calcareous soil is defined as soil containing sufficient free CaCO3 and other carbonates to effervesce visibly or audibly when treated with cold 0.1M HCl. These soils usually contain from 10 to almost 1000g/kg CaCO3 equivalent.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/CalcareousSoilTolerance
Additional detail
none
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
moisture use
Additional detail
high
  • high
    An elevated level or position or degree; greater than normal in degree or intensity or amount.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C25227
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
salt tolerance
Additional detail
high tolerance
  • high tolerance
    increased tolerance to: A tolerance quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's increased ability to endure a stimulus.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002393
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
shade tolerance
Additional detail
medium (normal)
  • medium (normal)
    Average. A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's exhibiting no deviation from normal or average.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000461
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database