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General DescriptionTrees to over 20 m tall; trunk to 80 cm d.b.h.; bark gray-brown or dark brown, deeply fissured longitudinally; long branchlets initially reddish brown, light brown, or yellowish brown; short branchlets 6-8 mm in diameter, nearly smooth, with remnants of bud scales and rings of revolute scales bases; winter buds ovoid-globose or globose, not resinous. Leaves 2.5-5.5 cm long, 1-1.8 mm wide, keeled abaxially and toward base adaxially. Seed cones maturing brown or light brown, cylindric or cylindric-ellipsoid, 5-11 cm long, 2.2-3 cm wide. Seed scales obovate-square, ± flat, 1.1-1.4 cm long, 1.1-1.4 cm wide at middle of cones, pubescent toward base abaxially, margin denticulate toward apex, apex truncate or slightly emarginate. Bracts ovate- or obovate-lanceolate, longer than seed scales, 5-7 mm at widest part, obviously reflexed. Seeds grayish white, with irregular purplish spots, obliquely obovoid, ca. 10 mm including wing.