The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

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  • 36. Junttila, Olavi; Skaret, Gisle. 1990. Growth and survival of seedlings of various Picea species under northern climatic conditions. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research. 5: 69-81. [14211]
  • 37. Kardell, Lars; Laestadius, Lars. 1987. Granens produktion efter 1943 ars hygges--branning pa Ovrahygget i Angermanland. Longterm yield of Norway spruce (Picea abies L.) after prescribed burning-- an example from mid-Sweden. Sveriges Skogsvardsforbunds Tidskrift. 3: 19-31. [English summary]
  • 38. Karpov, V. G. 1960. On the species composition of the viable seed supply in the soil of spruce-VACMYR vegetation. Trudy mosk. Obsch. ispyt. Prir. 3: 131-140. [23652]
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  • 43. Kubin, Eero. 1977. The effect of clear cutting upon the nutrient status of a spruce forest in northern Finland. Acta Forestalia Fennica. 155: 1-40. [20961]
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  • 46. Liedeker, Heiko. 1988. Fichtensterben and spruce decline--a diagnostic comparison in Europe and North America. In: Proceedings of the US/FRG research symposium: Effects of atmospheric pollutants on the spruce-fir forests of the eastern United States and the Federal Republic of Germany; 1987 October 19-23; Burlington, VT. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-120. Broomall, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station: 245-255. [10599]
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  • 48. Lundqvist, Lars. 1991. Some notes on the regeneration of Norway spruce on six permanent plots managed with single-tree selection. Forest Ecology and Management. 46(1-2): 49-57. [17694]
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  • 50. Mitchell, Alan F. 1972. Conifers in the British Isles: A descriptive handbook. Forestry Commission Booklet No. 33. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office. 322 p. [20571]
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  • 6. Braathe, Peder. 1974. Prescribed burning in Norway--effects on soil and regeneration. In: Proceedings, annual Tall Timbers fire ecology conference; 1973 March 22-23; Tallahassee, FL. No. 13. Tallahassee, FL: 211-222. [18976]
  • 60. Roeder, A. 1971. Surprising experimental results of the effects of red deer peeling damage to spruce. Allg. Forstzeitschr. 26: 907-909. [23648]
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  • 65. Simpfendorfer, K. J. 1989. Trees, farms and fires. Land and Forests Bulletin No. 30. Victoria, Australia: Department of Conservation, Forests and Lands, Lands and Forests Division. 55 p. [10649]
  • 66. Skelly, John M.; Ke, Jing; Karasevicz, Diane. 1988. A preliminary report on observations of the health of Norway spruce in three northeastern states. In: Proceedings of the US/FRG research symposium: Effects of atmospheric pollutants on the spruce-fir forests of the eastern United States and the Federal Republic of Germany; 1987 October 19-23; Burlington, VT. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-120. Broomall, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station: 257-261. [10600]
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