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General DescriptionShrubs erect or procumbent; branches ascending or horizontally spreading; branchlets densely arranged, straight or curved, usually short, not angled. Leaves in whorls of 3, ascending, sometimes nearly appressed, needlelike, straight or slightly curved, 3.5-7 mm long, 1.2-1.5 mm wide, slightly concave, with white stomatal bands adaxially, obtusely ridged with longitudinal, thin groove on ridge or at base abaxially, base decurrent, apex acute or acuminate. Pollen cones ovoid, 3-4 mm; microsporophylls 9-12, each with 3 pollen sacs. Seed cones black or bluish black when ripe, ovoid or subglobose, 4-8 × 4-6 mm, 1-seeded. Seeds ovoid, 3.5-6 mm long, 2-5 mm wide, ridged, with resin pits.