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The Kinda baboon (Papio cynocephalus subsp. kindae) is a subspecies of baboon present in the Miombo woodlands of Angola, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Zambia, and possibly western Tanzania. While the Kinda baboon is often considered to be a subspecies of the yellow baboon (Papio cynocephalus), it is distinct enough to merit status as full species (P. kindae) under the phylogenetic species concept.
Like the yellow baboon, the Kinda baboon is golden in color with a light build and lanky appearance. Unlike the yellow baboon and all other baboons, however, it is unusually small; adult males are about the size of adult females of other baboon species. The Kinda baboon is also characterized by its short face (relating to its small size), pink circles around its eyes, and its infants are born with white instead of black hair.
Baboons in between the size of the Kinda baboon and the yellow baboon are present in northeastern Zambia, and possibly in northern Malawi and southwestern Tanzania as well. Such a broad area of intergradation has been taken as evidence of substantial genetic exchange between the two taxa.
The Kinda baboon appears to live in large (perhaps over 100 members) multi-male and multi-female groups, similar to the Anubis and yellow baboons. Little else is known about its behavior.
The Kinda is named after the town in southern DRC where it is usually found.
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