The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Boulenger, G.A. 1896. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum, Vol. 3. London (Taylor & Francis), xiv + 727 pp.
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp.
  • Cogger,H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Cox, Merel J.; Van Dijk, Peter Paul; Jarujin Nabhitabhata & Thirakhupt,Kumthorn. 1998. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand. Ralph Curtis Publishing, 144 pp.
  • Das, I. 1999. Biogeography of the amphibians and reptiles of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India. In: Ota,H. (ed) Tropical Island herpetofauna.., Elsevier, pp. 43-77.
  • David,P. & Vogel,G. 1996. The snakes of Sumatra. An annotated checklist and key with natural history notes. Bücher Kreth, Frankfurt/M.
  • Duméril, A. M. C., BIBRON, G. & DUMÉRIL, A. H. A.,. 1854. Erpétologie générale ou histoire naturelle complète des reptiles. Tome septième. Deuxième partie, comprenant l'histoire des serpents venimeux. Paris, Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret: i-xii + 781-1536.
  • Frith,C.B. & MacIver,D. 1978. The crab-eating Water Snake, Fordonia leucobalia (SCHLEGEL), another snake new to Thailand. Nat. Hist. Bull. Siam Soc. (Bangkok) 27: 189-191.
  • Glauert, L. 1950. A Handbook of the Snakes of Western Australia. Perth: Western Australian Naturalists Club.
  • Gow, G. 1989. Graeme Gow's Complete Guide to Australian Snakes. North Ryde: Angus & Robertson Publishers.
  • Greer, A. 1997. The Biology and Evolution of Australian Snakes. Chipping Norton, Australia: Surrey Beatty & Sons Pty. Ltd.
  • Gyi, K. K. 1970. A revision of colubrid snakes of the subfamily Homalopsinae. University of Kansas Publications. Museum of Natural History 20:47-223.
  • Günther, A. C. L. G. 1864. Reptiles of British India. London: Ray Society.
  • Hoesel, J. K. P. van 1959. Ophidia Javanica. Kebun Raya, Indonesia: Museum Zoologicum Bogoriense.
  • Karns, D. R., H. K. Voris, T. G. Goodwin. 2002. Ecology of the Oriental-Australian rear-fanged water snakes (Colubridae: Homalopsidae) in the Pasir Ris Park Mangrove Forest, Singapore. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 50:487-498.
  • Kopstein, F. 1931. IV. Fordonia leucobalia Schegel und Cerberus rhynchops Schneider. Treubia 13(1):1-4.
  • Kopstein, F. 1938. Ein Beitrag zur Eierkunde und zur Fortpflanzung der Malaiischen Reptilien. Bull. Raffl. Mus. No 14: 81-167.
  • Lyle, J. M. and G. J. Timms. 1987. Predation on aquatic snakes by sharks from northern Australia. Copeia 1987:802-803.
  • Macleay, W. 1877. The ophidians of the Chevert Expedition. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, 2: 33-41.
  • Manthey, U. & Grossmann, W. 1997. Amphibien & Reptilien Südostasiens. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 512 pp.
  • Murphy, John C. 2007. Homalopsid Snakes: Evolution in the Mud. Krieger Publishing, Malabar, Florida, 249 pp.
  • Nobbs, M. and S. J. Blamires. 2004. Fordonia leucobalia (Yellow-Bellied Mangrove Snake) and Myron richardsonii (Richardson’s Mangrove Snake). Diurnal feeding and prey type. Herpetological Review 35:67-68.
  • O'Shea, M. T. 1986. Snakes of the Homalopsinae (Serpentes: Colubridae) from the southern Trans-Fly, Papua New Guinea. Herptile 11(4):155-161.
  • O’Shea, M. T. 1996. A Guide to the Snakes of Papua New Guinea. Port Moresby: Independent Publishing.
  • Parker, F. 1982 [1983]. The snakes of Western Province. Wildlife in Papua New Guinea. Konedobu: Division of Wildlife 82:1-78.
  • Rao, G. C., D. V. Rao and K. Devi. 1994. A faunal exploration of the North Reef Island Sanctuary, North Andaman. Journal of the Andaman Science Association 10(1-2): 68-81.
  • Rooij, N. de 1917. The Reptiles of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. II. Ophidia. Leiden: E. J. Brill, Ltd.
  • Savitzky, A. H. 1983. Coadapted character complexes among snakes: fossorality, piscivory, and durophagy. American Zoologist 23:397-409.
  • Schlegel, H. 1837. Essai sur la physionomie des serpens. Partie Générale: xxviii +251 S. + Partie Descriptive: 606 S. + xvi. La Haye (J. Kips, J. HZ. et W. P. van Stockum)
  • Schlegel, H. 1837. Essai sur la physionomie des serpens. Partie Générale: xxviii +251 S. + Partie Descriptive: 606 S. + xvi. La Haye (J. Kips, J. HZ. et W. P. van Stockum).
  • Sharma, R. C. 2004. Handbook Indian Snakes. AKHIL BOOKS, New Delhi, 292 pp.
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Somaweera, R. 2009. Snakes of Darwin. Poster, University of Sydney.
  • UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms
  • Uetz P. (2013). TIGR Reptile Database (version Oct 2007). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Uetz, P. (2014). Fordonia leucobalia (Schlegel, 1837). In: Uetz, P. (ed.) (2014) The Reptile Database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at
  • Whitaker, Romulus and Ashok Captain. 2004. Snakes of India. Draco Books, 500 pp.


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