The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Almendariz, A. 1991. Anfibios y Reptiles [del Ecuador]. Rev. Politecnica. XVI (3): 89-162.
  • Amaral, A. D. 1927. Studies of neotropical ophidia V. Notes on Bothrops lansbergii and B. brachystoma. Bulletin of the Antivenin Institute of America 1 (1): 22.
  • Campbell, J.A. & Lamar, W.W. 1989. The Venomous Reptiles of Latin America. Comstock Publishing/Cornell University Press, Ithaca.
  • Campbell, Jonathan A. and William W. Lamar. 2004. The Venomous Reptiles of the Western Hemisphere, 2 vols. Comstock (Cornell University Press), Ithaca, NY, 962 pp. [review in Science 305: 182].
  • Dunn, E. R. 1928. Notes on Bothrops lansbergii and Bothrops ophryomegas. Bull. Antivenin Inst. Amer. 2: 28-30.
  • Infante-Rivero; E. 2009. First record of Porthidium lansbergii lansbergii Schlegel, 1841, in the Venezuelan Guajira, with comments on the genus and the distribution in Zulia State. Herpetotropicos 5 (1): 25-28.
  • Jan,G. 1863. Elenco Sistematico degli Ofidi descriti e disegnati per l'Iconografia Generale. Milano, A. Lombardi. vii + 143 pp.
  • Kornacker,P.M. 1999. Checklist and key to the snakes of Venezuela. PaKo-Verlag, Rheinbach, Germany, 270 pp.
  • McDiarmid, Roy W., Jonathan A. Campbell, and T'Shaka A. Touré. 1999. Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, vol. 1. xi + 511
  • McDiarmid,R.W.; Campbell,J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Monzel, Markus & Wolfgang Wüster. 2008. Neotropische Grubenottern – Evolution, Biogeographie und Ökologie. Draco 8 (33): 4-27.
  • Peters, James A. 1968. A replacement name for Bothrops lansbergii venezuelensis Roze, 1959 (Viperidae, Serpentes). Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 81: 319-322.
  • Posada ARANGO. 1889. . Bull. Soc. Zool. France 1889: 344, 345.
  • Posado Arango. 1889. . An. Acad. Med. Medellin 2: 45-49.
  • Pérez-Santos,C. & Moreno,A.G. 1988. Ofidios de Colombia. Museo reegionale di Scienze Naturali, Torino, Monographie VI, 517 pp.
  • Roze, J.A. 1959. Taxonomic notes on a collection of Venezuelan reptiles in the American Museum of Natural History. American Museum Novitates (1934): 1-14.
  • Sandner-Montilla, F. 1989. Una nueva subespecie de Bothrops lansbergi (Schlegel, 1841) de la Familia Crotalidae: Bothrops lansbergi hutmanni n. Ssp. Mem. Cient. Ofidiol. 9:1-16.
  • Schlegel, H. 1841. . Mag. Zool. Rept. (1-3): pl. 1.
  • Schlegel, H. 1841. Mag. Zool. Rept. (1-3): pl. 1
  • Schmidt,K.P. 1936. New amphibians and reptiles from Honduras in the Museum of Comparative Zoology. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 49: 43-50.
  • Schätti B; Kramer E. 1993. Ecuadorianische Grubenottern der Gattungen Bothriechis, Bothrops und Porthidium (Serpentes: Viperidae). Revue Suisse de Zoologie 100 (2): 235-278.
  • Uetz P. (2013). TIGR Reptile Database (version Oct 2007). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Wilson, L. D., & MEYER, J. R. 1985. The Snakes of Honduras. 2d ed. Milwaukee Publ. Mus. Publ., Biol. & Geol. No. 6, 150 pp.


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