IUCN threat status:

Vulnerable (VU)

Distribution

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Continent: Africa Near-East Asia Europe
Distribution: S Spain, Italy incl. Sardinia and Sicily (introduced), France (introduced), former Yugoslavia: Serbia, Montenegro, N Greece (including Aegean islands, e.g. Limnos, Lesbos, Chios, Samos, Samothraki),  Albania, Romania, Bulgaria, Turkey, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Israel, Syria, Iran, N Iraq Russia (eastwards to Transcaucasus; Dagestan),   acording to the 1994 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals: Albania, Algeria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Egypt, France, E Georgia, Greece, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Italy, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Macedonia, Moldova, Morocco, Romania, Russia, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Yugoslavia  armeniaca: Trans-Caucasus  anamurensis: Cape Anamur and SW coast of Turkey.  antakyensis: S Turkey  flavominimaralis: Tunisia  floweri: Negev (S arid Israel);
Type locality: “Negev”.  ibera: S Sebia, Greece (Lesbos, Samos), Romania through Iran.  lamberti: NW Morocco  nabeulensis: Tunisia, NW Libya;
Type locality: Nabeul, N Tunisia  nikolskii: Georgia, Russia (western Caucasus)  pallasi: Russia (Daghestan)  perses: SE Turkey, NE Iraq, SC Iran (Zagros mountains)   soussensis: Souss valley, Morocco;
Type locality: Vincity of Agadir, 30°28'N, 9°55'W.  terrestris: Israel, Lebanon, Jordan, Syria, SE Turkey.  zarudnyi: E Iran  
Type locality: "Africa," according to Linnaeus 1758:352; however, the caption of the holotype, Plate 204 of Edwards 1751 reads "Loc. Santa Cruz in West Barbary" (=old fort Santa Cruz near Oran, Algeria, according to Strauch (1862:67). Mertens and Müller (1928:22), designated it as "Santa Cruz, in der Westberberei, Nordafrika" (after KING & BURKE 1989).

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© Peter Uetz

Source: The Reptile Database

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