The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1. CITES (January, 2009) http://www.cites.org External link.
  • 2. Halliday, T. and Adler, K. (2002) The New Encyclopedia of Reptiles and Amphibians. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • 3. Pianka, E.R. and King, D.R. (2004) Varanoid lizards of the world. Indiana University Press, Bloomington, Indiana.
  • 4. Carruthers, V. (2005) The Wildlife of Southern Africa: A Field Guide to the Animals and Plants of the Region. Struik, Cape Town.
  • 5. Burnie, D. (2001) Animal. Dorling Kindersley, London.
  • Auerbach,R.D. 1987. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Botswana. Mokwepa Consultants, Botswana, 295 pp.
  • Bauer, Aaron M.; Branch, William R. & Haacke, Wulf D. 1993. The herpetofauna of the Kamanjab area and adjacent Damaraland, Namibia. Madoqua (Windhoek), 18 (2): 117-145.
  • Bayless, Mark K. 2002. Monitor lizards: a pan-African check-list of their zoogeography (Sauria: Varanidae: Polydaedalus). Journal of Biogeography 29: 1643–1701.
  • Boettger, Oskar. 1893. Katalog der Reptilien-Sammlung im Museum der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Frankfurt am Main. I. Teil (Rhynchocephalen, Schildkröten, Krokodile, Eidechsen, Chamäleons). Gebrüder Knauer, Frankfurt a. M., x + 140 pp.
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp.
  • Boycott, R.C. 1992. An Annotated Checklist of the Amphibians and Reptiles of Swaziland. The Conservation Trust of Swaziland, 1992; online at
  • Branch, W.R.; Rödel, M.-O. & Marais, J. 2005. Herpetological survey of the Niassa Game Reserve, northern Mozambique - Part I: Reptiles. Salamandra 41 (4): 195-214.
  • Broadley, D.G. 1991. The Herpetofauna of Northern Mwinilunga Distr., Northw. Zambia. Arnoldia Zimbabwe 9 (37): 519-538.
  • Broadley, D.G. 1998. The reptilian fauna of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Congo-Kinshasa). In: Schmidt, K.P. and Noble, G.K., Contributions to the Herpetology of the Belgian Congo.. [reprint of the 1919 and 1923 papers]. SSAR Facsimile reprints in Herpetology, 780 pp.
  • Broadley, Donald G. and F. P. D. Cotterill. 2004. The reptiles of southeast Katanga, an overlooked 'hot spot'. [Congo]. African Journal of Herpetology 53 (1): 35-61.
  • Böhme, W. 1988. Zur Genitalmorphologie der Sauria. Bonner Zool. Monogr. 27: 1-176.
  • Cimatti, E. 2007. Namibia - Introduction to a vast territory. Reptilia (GB) (50): 58-67.
  • Collin, A. 2007. Maintenance et élevage en captivité de Varanus albigularis ( Daudin, 1802 ). ReptilMag 31. 34-40.
  • Daudin, F. M. 1802. Histoire Naturelle, génerale et particulièredes reptiles, ouvrage faisant suite, a l'histoiure naturelle, générale et particulière composée par LECLERC DE BUFFON, et redigée par C. S. SONNINI, vol. 3. F. Dufart, Paris.
  • Daudin, F. M. 1802. Histoire Naturelle, génerale et particulièredes reptiles, ouvrage faisant suite, a l'histoiure naturelle, générale et particulière composée par LECLERC DE BUFFON, et redigée par C. S. SONNINI, vol. 3. F. Dufart, Paris.
  • De Lisle, H.F. 1996. Natural History of Monitor Lizards. Krieger, Malabar (Florida).
  • Duméril, A.M. C. and G. Bibron. 1836. Erpetologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol.3. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 528 pp.
  • Earley, Ryan L.; Omar Attum, Perri Eason. 2002. Varanid combat: perspectives from game theory. Amphibia-Reptilia 23 (4): 469-485.
  • Esterhuizen, Anton, Wanda Esterhuizen, Johan Esterhuizen, Peter Low Cunningham and Wulf D. Haacke. 2003. Geographic distribution. Varanus albigularis Rock or White-throated Monitor. African Herp News (36):16-19.
  • FRÝDLOVÁ, PETRA and DANIEL FRYNTA. 2010. A test of Rensch’s rule in varanid lizards. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 100: 293–306.
  • Fuchs, J.; Grohmann, C.; Rödel, M.O. & Penner, J. 2006. Ökologische Untersuchungen an Reptilien einer Dornbuschsavanne in Zentralnamibia - Unwägbarkeiten der Freilandforschung. Elaphe 14 (4): 45-50.
  • Gray, J. E. 1831. A synopsis of the species of Class Reptilia. In: Griffith, E & E. Pidgeon: The animal kingdom arranged in conformity with its organisation by the Baron Cuvier with additional descriptions of all the species hither named, and of many before noticed [Vol. 9]. Whittaker, Treacher and Co., London: 481 + 110 pp.
  • Günther, A. 1861. On the anatomy of Monitor niloticus from Western Africa, and of Regenia albogularis. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1861: 109-113.
  • Jacobsen, Niels H.G.; Errol W. Pietersen & Darren W. Pietersen. 2010. A preliminary herpetological survey of the Vilanculos Coastal Wildlife Sanctuary on the San Sebastian Peninsula, Vilankulo, Mozambique. Herpetology Notes 3: 181-193.
  • LE PODER, J.-M. 2007. Notes on Breeding Varanus albigularis in Captivity. Biawak 1 (2): 73-76.
  • Lanza, B. 1990. Amphibians and reptiles of the Somali Democratic Republic: check list and biogeography. Biogeographia, 14: 407-465 [1988].
  • Largen, M.J.; Spawls, S. 2010. Amphibians and Reptiles of Ethiopia and Eritrea. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 694 pp.
  • Laurent,R.F. 1964. A new subspecies of Varanus exanthematicus (Sauria, Varanidae). Breviora (199): 1-5.
  • Loveridge,A. 1936. African reptiles and amphibians in the Field Museum of Natural History. Zool. Ser. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Chicago, 22 (1): 1-122.
  • Mertens, R. 1937. Reptilien und Amphibien aus dem südlichen Inner-Afrika. Abh. senckenberg. naturf. Ges. 435: 1-23.
  • Mertens, R. 1942. Die Familie der Warane (Varanidae), 3. Teil: Taxonomie. Abh. Senckenb. naturf. Ges., 466: 235-391.
  • Schmidt, Karl Patterson. 1919. Contributions to the Herpetology of the Belgian Congo based on the Collection of the American Congo Expedition, 1909-1915. Part I: turtles, crocodiles, lizards, and chamaeleons. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 39 (2): 385-624.
  • Schmidt, Karl Patterson. 1933. The reptiles of the Pulitzer Angola Expedition. Annals of the Carnegie Museum 22 (1): 1-15.
  • Smith, A. 1831. Contributions to the natural history of South Africa, No. 1. South African Quart. J. (1) 2 (5) 5: 9-24.
  • Spawls, S. & Rotich, D. 1997. An annotated checklist of the lizards of Kenya. J. East African Nat. Hist. 86: 61-83.
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2001. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147].
  • Wesiak,K. & Riedel, R. 2009. Die F2-Nachzucht des Weißkehlwarans, Varanus (Polydaedalus) albigularis (DAUDIN, 1802) nach vorausgegangener Legenotoperation. Elaphe 17 (3): 44-54.
  • Ávalos, J. de & Martínez Carrión, P. 1997. Warane. Reptilia (Münster) 2 (5): 16-21.


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