The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Caparros-Lefebvre, D., and A. Elbaz A. 1999. Possible relation of atypical parkinsonism in the French West Indies with consumption of tropical plants: a case-control study. Caribbean Parkinsonism Study Group. Lancet 354(9175):281-6. PMID: 10440304
  • Champy, P., A. Melot, V. Guérineau Eng, C. Gleye, D. Fall, G.U. Höglinger, M. Ruberg, A. Lannuzel, O. Laprévote, A. Laurens, and R. Hocquemiller. 2005. Quantification of acetogenins in Annona muricata linked to atypical parkinsonism in Guadeloupe. Movement Disorders 20(12): 1629-33. PMID: 16078200.
  • FOC. 2011. Annona montana Macfayden. Flora of China 19: 711, 712. Retrieved 11 November 2011 from
  • Grenand, P., Moretti, C. and H. Jacquemin. 1987. Pharmacopées Traditionnelles en Guyane: Créoles, Palikur, Wayapi. 569 pp. Paris: Editions de l'ORSTOM.
  • Maas.P.J.M; Mennega. E.A & Westra. L.Y.TH. 1994. Studies in Annonaceae. XXI. Index to species and intraespecific taxa of neotropical Annonaceae. Candollea 49: 389-481.
  • Macfadyen, J. 1837. The Flora of Jamaica. anona muricata, montana, palustris, squamosa, cherimola, reticulatamonodora myristicaxylopia muricata, glabra
  • Oberlies, N.H., C.J. Chang, and J.L. McLaughlin. 1997. Structure-activity relationships of diverse Annonaceous acetogenins against multidrug resistant human mammary adenocarcinoma (MCF-7/Adr) cells. Journal of Medical Chemistry 40: 2102–6.
  • PIER. 2011. Annona muricata. US Forest Service, Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER). Online resource accessed 1 November 2011 at
  • Popenoe, Wilson. 1920. Manual of tropical and subtropical fruits: excluding the banana, coconut, pineapple, citrus fruits, olive, and fig. New York: Macmillan. Pp. 192–3. Retrieved 13 November 2011 from GoogleBooks,
  • Rainer H. & Chatrou L.W. (eds) (2013). AnnonBase: Annonaceae GSD (version 2.0). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Raintree. 2011. “Graviola max” and “Raintree philosophy.” Accessed 13 November 2011 from and
  • Sloan-Kettering. 2011. Graviola. From About Herbs database, Integrative Medicine Service, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center. Retrieved 13 November 2011 from
  • Taylor, L. 2005. The healing power of rainforest herbs: a guide to understanding and using herbal medicinals.. Garden City Park, NY: Square One Publishers. 535 p.
  • Wikipedia. 2011. Annona glabra. In Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 13 November 2011 from
  • Zamora, N.1999. Annonaceae. En Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Missouri Botanical Garden- Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad- Museo Nacional de Costa Rica. (en prep.).
  • van Andel, T. R. 2000. Non-timber Forest Products of the North-West District of Guyana. Part I: 326 pp., Part II: A Field Guide, 358 pp. Tropenbos-Guyana Series 8B. Georgetown, Guyana: Tropenbos-Guyana Programme.


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