occurs (regularly, as a native taxon) in multiple nations
Regularity: Regularly occurring
Type of Residency: Transient
Global Range: BREEDS: northern Eurasia, from Scandinavia to Anadyrland and Kamchatka. WINTERS: China and Japan, occasionally west to British Isles, southern Europe, and Iran (Sibley and Monroe 1990). Uncommon spring migrant in western and central Aleutian Islands, rare in fall; casual spring visitor on St. Lawrence Island; accidental elsewhere on west coast of Alaska (NGS 1987).
Length: 15 cm
Habitat and Ecology
Comments: Bushes and wet grassy areas in taiga, undergrowth of mixed woodland, thickets along streams (Sibley and Monroe 1990).
Non-Migrant: No. All populations of this species make significant seasonal migrations.
Locally Migrant: No. No populations of this species make local extended movements (generally less than 200 km) at particular times of the year (e.g., to breeding or wintering grounds, to hibernation sites).
Locally Migrant: Yes. At least some populations of this species make annual migrations of over 200 km.
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Statistics of barcoding coverage: Emberiza rustica
Public Records: 16
Specimens with Barcodes: 18
Species With Barcodes: 1
Barcode data: Emberiza rustica
There are 11 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank. Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species. See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.
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Download FASTA File
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
- 2008Least Concern
- 2004Least Concern
Status in Egypt
National NatureServe Conservation Status
Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable
NatureServe Conservation Status
Rounded Global Status Rank: G5 - Secure
It breeds in wet coniferous woodland. 4-6 eggs are laid in a nest in a bush or on the ground. Its natural food consists of insects when feeding young, and otherwise seeds.
This bird is similar in size to a Reed Bunting. It has white underparts with reddish flank, pink legs and a pink lower mandible. The summer male has a black head with a white throat and supercilium and a reddish breast band.
The female has a heavily streaked brown back and brown face with a whitish supercilium. She resembles a female Reed Bunting, but has the reddish flank streaks, a chestnut nape and a pink, not grey, lower mandible.
The call is a distinctive zit, and the song is a melancholic delee-deloo-delee.