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Overview

Brief Summary

Icterine warblers often mimick other bird calls, but change it slightly so that a good birder can recognize it. The Dutch call it a mocking bird. Icterine refers to the bird's yellow color. English birders nickname this bird 'icky'. The icterine warbler is found in open deciduous woods, parks and gardens. It likes sunny places so you won't find it in dark woods. Elderberry is its first choice for making its nest, which is made from grass and roots in between the branches. Icterine warblers eat mostly insects, although they will also eat berries in the summer.
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Distribution

Range

Central Europe to w Siberia and n Iran; winters to s Africa.

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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Source: IUCN

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Life History and Behavior

Life Expectancy

Lifespan, longevity, and ageing

Maximum longevity: 10.8 years (wild)
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© Joao Pedro de Magalhaes

Source: AnAge

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Hippolais icterina

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 11
Specimens with Barcodes: 11
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Barcode data: Hippolais icterina

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 11 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.  Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.  See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

ACCGCCCTA---AGCCTCCTTATTCGAGCAGAACTAGGCCAACCTGGCGCCCTTCTAGGAGAC---GACCAAGTGTATAACGTAGTTGTCACGGCCCATGCATTCGTAATAATCTTCTTTATAGTTATGCCTATCATGATCGGAGGGTTTGGAAACTGACTAGTCCCCCTGATA---ATTGGGGCCCCAGACATAGCATTCCCCCGAATGAACAACATGAGCTTCTGACTCCTTCCTCCCTCCTTCCTACTGCTATTAGCTTCATCCACAGTCGAAGCAGGAGCAGGAACAGGATGGACCGTATACCCCCCTCTAGCCGGCAACCTAGCCCACGCCGGAGCCTCTGTCGACCTG---GCCATCTTCTCACTACATCTTGCAGGTATCTCGTCAATCTTAGGGGCAATTAACTTCATCACAACAGCAATCAATATGAAACCACCCGCCCTATCCCAATACCAAACCCCCCTATTCGTCTGATCAGTATTAATCACCGAAGTCCTACTCCTCCTATCCCTNCCAGTTCTCGCCGCC---GGNATCACCATGCTACTCCCTGACCGCAACCTCAANAACACTTTCTTACACCCTGCAGGAGGGGGA---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------AAC
-- end --

Download FASTA File
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2012

Assessor/s
BirdLife International

Reviewer/s
Butchart, S. & Symes, A.

Contributor/s

Justification
This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). Despite the fact that the population trend appears to be decreasing, the decline is not believed to be sufficiently rapid to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size is extremely large, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
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Source: IUCN

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Status in Egypt

Regular passage visitor.

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© Bibliotheca Alexandrina

Source: Bibliotheca Alexandrina - EOL Ar

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Population

Population
In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 3,500,000-7,100,000 breeding pairs, equating to 10,500,000-21,300,000 individuals (BirdLife International 2004). Europe forms 75-94% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 11,200,000-28,400,000 individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.

Population Trend
Decreasing
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Wikipedia

Icterine warbler

The Icterine Warbler (Hippolais icterina) is an Old World warbler in the tree warbler genus Hippolais. It breeds in mainland Europe except the southwest, where it is replaced by its western counterpart, Melodious Warbler. It is migratory, wintering in sub-Saharan Africa. The term icterine refers to its yellowish colouration.

This small passerine bird is a species found in open deciduous woodland with bushes and also parks and gardens, often near water. Four to six eggs are laid in a nest in a tree or a bush.

This is a medium-sized warbler, 12–13.5 cm in length, similar to Melodious Warbler. The adult has a plain greenish-brown back with a paler wing panel, and yellowish underparts. The bill is slightly orange, strong and pointed, and the legs blue-grey. The sexes are identical, as with most warblers, but young birds are paler on the belly.

Like most warblers, Icterine is insectivorous, but will take other small food items, including berries.

The song is a fast nasal babbling incorporating mimicry of other species. The call is described as teck or tec, tec, tec.

It is colloquially referred to by birders as Icky.

References[edit]

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