The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • 1996. database, NODC Taxonomic Code
  • 2007. website, Gill & Wright (2006) corrigenda/updates - 21-Sep-2007
  • 2007. website, Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource, 2007.08.10
  • 2007. website, AOU Check-List (07-2007)
  • American Ornithologists' Union. 1998. Check-list of North American Birds, 7th edition. American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, D.C.
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2003. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2003. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. Resource Publication, no. 166
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. Resource Publication, no. 166. 79
  • BirdLife International 2012. Cardinalis cardinalis
  • Brackbill, H. (1954). Cardinal’s period of dependency. Wilson Bulletin. 66, 153.
  • Dunn, J.L. and J. Alderfer. 2011. National Geographic Field Guide to the Birds of North America. National Geographic Society, Washington, D.C.
  • Farrand Jr., J. 1988. Western Birds. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company.
  • Gill, Frank, and Minturn Wright. 2006. Birds of the World: Recommended English Names
  • Gill, Frank, and Minturn Wright. 2006. Birds of the World: Recommended English Names. ix + 259
  • Halkin, S., S. Linville. 1999. Northern cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis). Pp. 1-32 in A Poole, F Gill, eds. The Birds of North America, Vol. 440. Philadelphia, PA: The Birds of North America.
  • Halkin, S., S. Linville. 1999. Northern cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis). Pp. 1-32 in A Poole, F Gill, eds. The Birds of North America, Vol. 440. Philadelphia, PA: The Birds of North America.
  • Hickman, C., L. Roberts. 1995. Animal Diversity. Boston: William C. Brown.
  • John Dunning (2008) CRC Handbook of Avian Body Masses. CRC Press: Boca Raton.
  • John Terres (1980) The Audubon Society Encyclopedia of North American Birds. Knopf: New York.
  • Kaufman, K. 1996. Lives of North American Birds. Houghton Mifflin, Boston.
  • Kielb, M., J. Swales, R. Wolinski. 1992. The Birds of Washtenaw County, Michigan. Ann Arbor, MI: The University of Michigan Press.
  • McKechnie and Wolf (2004) The allometry of avian basal metabolic rate: good predictions need good data. Physiol Biochem Zool, 77:502-521.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Sept 12). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • P. G. Howes, The Giant Cactus Forest and Its World: A Brief Biology of the Giant Cactus Forest of Our American Southwest (Duell, Sloan, and Pearce, New York; Little, Brown, Boston; 1954), from pp. 222-239, from p. 227.
  • Reiner, L. 1989. High altitude capture of a northern cardinal. North American Bird Bander, 14 (4): 125.
  • Searles, R. 1989. Northern cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis). Passenger Pigeon, 51: 236.
  • Searles, R. 1989. Northern cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis). Passenger Pigeon, 51: 236.
  • Sibley, D. 2000. The Sibley Guide to Birds. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, Inc..
  • Starck and Ricklefs (1998) Avian growth rate data set. In: Avian Growth and Development: Evolution Within the Altricial-Precocial Spectrum (J. M. Starck and R. E. Ricklefs (eds.)), pp. 381-423. Oxford University Press: New York.
  • The Birds of North America Online (Online source)   http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/ External link.

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