Data about <i>Cardinalis cardinalis</i>

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Distribution

 
latitude min
Additional detail
21.57 degrees
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
latitude max
Additional detail
24.37 degrees
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
longitude min
Additional detail
-89.6 degrees
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
longitude max
Additional detail
-87.9 degrees
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
geographic distribution includes
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Allegheny Highlands forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Appalachian mixed mesophytic forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Appalachian-Blue Ridge forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Arizona Mountains forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Atlantic coastal pine barrens
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Baja California desert
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Bermuda subtropical conifer forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Central and Southern mixed grasslands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Central forest-grasslands transition
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Central Mexican matorral
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Central tall grasslands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Central U.S. hardwood forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Chiapas montane forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Chihuahuan desert
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Chimalapas montane forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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East Central Texas forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Eastern forest-boreal transition
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Eastern Great Lakes lowland forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Edwards Plateau savanna
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Everglades
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Flint Hills tall grasslands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Florida sand pine scrub
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Gulf of California xeric scrub
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Meseta Central matorral
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Middle Atlantic coastal forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Mississippi lowland forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Nearctic
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Nebraska Sand Hills mixed grasslands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Neotropical
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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New England-Acadian forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Northeastern coastal forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Northern mixed grasslands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Northern short grasslands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Northern tall grasslands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Oaxacan montane forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Ozark Mountain forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Pantanos de Centla
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Petén-Veracruz moist forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Piney Woods forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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San Lucan xeric scrub
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Sierra de la Laguna dry forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Sierra de la Laguna pine-oak forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Sierra de los Tuxtlas
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Sierra Madre de Oaxaca pine-oak forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Sierra Madre Oriental pine-oak forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Sinaloan dry forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Sonoran desert
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Sonoran-Sinaloan transition subtropical dry forest
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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South Florida rocklands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Southeastern conifer forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Southeastern mixed forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Southern Great Lakes forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Southern Pacific dry forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Tamaulipan matorral
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Tamaulipan mezquital
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Texas blackland prairies
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt pine-oak forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Upper Midwest forest-savanna transition
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Veracruz dry forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Veracruz moist forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Veracruz montane forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Western Great Lakes forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Western Gulf Coastal grasslands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Western short grasslands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Yucatán dry forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Yucatán moist forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  

Physical Description

 
body length (VT) average
Additional detail
22.2 cm
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
body length (VT) min
Additional detail
20.9 cm
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
body length (VT) max
Additional detail
23.5 cm
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
body mass max
Additional detail
47.5 g female
Avian Mass Data  
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52.2 g male
Avian Mass Data  
 
body mass average
Additional detail
45 g
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
body mass min
Additional detail
42 g
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
body mass max
Additional detail
48 g
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
body mass
Additional detail
1.63 log10 grams
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
Additional detail
41 g
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
sexual dimorphism
Additional detail
male larger
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
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male more colorful
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
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sexes colored or patterned differently
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
weight
Additional detail
42.6 g adult
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail
3.5 g neonate stage
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Ecology

 
primary diet
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eats seeds adult
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
habitat
Additional detail
animal habitation
Environments - EOL project  
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bay
Environments - EOL project  
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coast
Environments - EOL project  
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forest
Environments - EOL project  
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fresh water
Environments - EOL project  
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freshwater habitat
IUCN  
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garden
Environments - EOL project  
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grassland
Environments - EOL project  
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hedge
Environments - EOL project  
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isthmus
Environments - EOL project  
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mount
Environments - EOL project  
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oceanic island
Environments - EOL project  
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pond
Environments - EOL project  
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river bank
Environments - EOL project  
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savanna
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
scrubland
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
scrubland
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
scrubland
Environments - EOL project  
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slope
Environments - EOL project  
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stream
Environments - EOL project  
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swamp
Environments - EOL project  
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temperate
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
terrestrial biome
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
terrestrial habitat
IUCN  
Additional detail
tropical
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
wetland
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
woodland
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
woodland
Environments - EOL project  
 
habitat includes
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Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Temperate Coniferous Forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
 
foraging habitat
Additional detail
terrestrial habitat
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
interacts with
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feeds on
Additional detail GloBI  
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Life History and Behavior

 
nest type
Additional detail
open cup
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
developmental mode
Additional detail
altricial
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
foraging time
Additional detail
diurnal
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
parental care
Additional detail
occasionally breeds cooperatively
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
clutch/brood/litter size
Additional detail
3
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
log10 productivity
Additional detail
-0.049
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
onset of fertility
Additional detail
365 days female
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail
365 days male
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
litters per year
Additional detail
2 per year
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
total life span max
Additional detail
28.5 years
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
growth rate
Additional detail
0.52 per day
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
prenatal development duration
Additional detail
12 days
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
migratory status
Additional detail
nonmigratory
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  

Evolution and Systematics

 
first appearance (older bound)
Additional detail
4.9 million years ago
The Paleobiology Database  
 
first appearance (younger bound)
Additional detail
1.8 million years ago
The Paleobiology Database  
 
last appearance (older bound)
Additional detail
0.13 million years ago
The Paleobiology Database  
 
last appearance (younger bound)
Additional detail
0.0117 million years ago
The Paleobiology Database  

Physiology and Cell Biology

 
basal metabolic rate
Additional detail
0.52 Watts
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Conservation

 
population trend
Additional detail
Stable
IUCN  
 
conservation status
Additional detail
least concern
IUCN  
 
extinction status
Additional detail
extant
Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology  
Additional detail
extant
The Paleobiology Database  

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