Data about <i>Cardinalis cardinalis</i>

TraitBank assembles data records from many providers. Select a row for more details about the record, or search TraitBank.

Distribution

 
latitude min
  • latitude
    The geographic latitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are north of the Equator, negative values are south of it. Legal values lie between -90 and 90, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLatitude
Additional detail
21.57 degrees
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
latitude max
  • latitude
    The geographic latitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are north of the Equator, negative values are south of it. Legal values lie between -90 and 90, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLatitude
Additional detail
24.37 degrees
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
longitude min
  • longitude
    The geographic longitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are east of the Greenwich Meridian, negative values are west of it. Legal values lie between -180 and 180, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLongitude
Additional detail
-89.6 degrees
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
longitude max
  • longitude
    The geographic longitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are east of the Greenwich Meridian, negative values are west of it. Legal values lie between -180 and 180, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLongitude
Additional detail
-87.9 degrees
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
geographic distribution includes
Additional detail
Allegheny Highlands forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Appalachian mixed mesophytic forests
  • Appalachian mixed mesophytic forests
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/Appalachian_mixed_mesophytic_forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Appalachian-Blue Ridge forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Arizona Mountains forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Atlantic coastal pine barrens
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Baja California desert
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Bermuda subtropical conifer forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Central and Southern mixed grasslands
  • Central and Southern mixed grasslands
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/Central_and_Southern_mixed_grasslands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Central forest-grasslands transition
  • Central forest-grasslands transition
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/Central_forest-grasslands_transition
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Central Mexican matorral
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Central tall grasslands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Central U.S. hardwood forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Chiapas montane forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Chihuahuan desert
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Chimalapas montane forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
East Central Texas forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Eastern forest-boreal transition
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Eastern Great Lakes lowland forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Edwards Plateau savanna
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Everglades
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Flint Hills tall grasslands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Florida sand pine scrub
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Gulf of California xeric scrub
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Meseta Central matorral
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Middle Atlantic coastal forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Mississippi lowland forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Nearctic
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Nebraska Sand Hills mixed grasslands
  • Nebraska Sand Hills mixed grasslands
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/Nebraska_Sand_Hills_mixed_grasslands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Neotropical
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
New England-Acadian forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Northeastern coastal forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Northern mixed grasslands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Northern short grasslands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Northern tall grasslands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Oaxacan montane forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Ozark Mountain forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Pantanos de Centla
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Petén-Veracruz moist forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Piney Woods forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
San Lucan xeric scrub
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Sierra de la Laguna dry forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Sierra de la Laguna pine-oak forests
  • Sierra de la Laguna pine-oak forests
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/Sierra_de_la_Laguna_pine-oak_forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Sierra de los Tuxtlas
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Sierra Madre de Oaxaca pine-oak forests
  • Sierra Madre de Oaxaca pine-oak forests
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/Sierra_Madre_de_Oaxaca_pine-oak_forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Sierra Madre Oriental pine-oak forests
  • Sierra Madre Oriental pine-oak forests
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/Sierra_Madre_Oriental_pine-oak_forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Sinaloan dry forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Sonoran desert
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Sonoran-Sinaloan transition subtropical dry forest
  • Sonoran-Sinaloan transition subtropical dry forest
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/Sonoran-Sinaloan_transition_subtropical_dry_forest
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
South Florida rocklands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Southeastern conifer forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Southeastern mixed forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Southern Great Lakes forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Southern Pacific dry forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Tamaulipan matorral
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Tamaulipan mezquital
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Texas blackland prairies
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt pine-oak forests
  • Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt pine-oak forests
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/Trans-Mexican_Volcanic_Belt_pine-oak_forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Upper Midwest forest-savanna transition
  • Upper Midwest forest-savanna transition
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/Upper_Midwest_forest-savanna_transition
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Veracruz dry forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Veracruz moist forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Veracruz montane forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Western Great Lakes forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Western Gulf Coastal grasslands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Western short grasslands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Yucatán dry forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Yucatán moist forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  

Physical Description

 
body length (VT) average
Additional detail
22.2 cm
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
body length (VT) min
Additional detail
20.9 cm
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
body length (VT) max
Additional detail
23.5 cm
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
body mass average
Additional detail
45 g
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
body mass min
Additional detail
42 g
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
body mass max
Additional detail
48 g
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
body mass
Additional detail
1.63 log10 grams
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
Additional detail
41 g
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
sexual dimorphism
  • sexual dimorphism
    Sexual dimorphism is a phenotypic difference between males and females of the same species. The prototypical example is for differences in characteristics of reproductive organs. Other possible examples are for secondary sex characteristics, body size and morphology, ornamentation and behavior.
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Dimorphism
Additional detail
male larger
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
Additional detail
male more colorful
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
Additional detail
sexes colored or patterned differently
  • sexes colored or patterned differently
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Sexes_colored_or_patterned_differently
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
weight
Additional detail
42.6 g adult
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail
3.5 g neonate stage
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Ecology

 
primary diet
Additional detail
eats seeds adult
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
habitat
Additional detail
animal habitation
  • animal habitation
    The dwelling of an animal or group of similar animals.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005803
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
bay
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
coast
  • coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
forest
  • forest
    An area with a high density of trees. A small forest may be called a wood.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000111
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
fresh water
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
freshwater habitat
  • freshwater habitat
    A habitat that is in or on a body of water containing low concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids (<0.5 grams dissolved salts per litre).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002037
IUCN  
Additional detail
garden
  • garden
    An enclosure for displaying selected plant or animal life.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000011
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
grassland
  • grassland
    An area in which grasses (Graminae) are a significant component of the vegetation.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000106
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
hedge
  • hedge
    A dense growth of shrubbery planted as a fence or boundary.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000046
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
isthmus
  • isthmus
    Narrow section of land in a body of water connecting two larger land areas.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000174
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
mount
  • mount
    A mountain rising from the ocean seafloor that does not reach to the water's surface (sea level), and thus is not an island. Typically formed from volcanoes that rise abruptly and are usually found rising from a seafloor of 1,000 - 4,000 meters depth. Independent features that rise to at least 1,000 meters above the seafloor.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000264
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
oceanic island
  • oceanic island
    An island that does not sit on a continental shelf, and is of volcanic origin.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000222
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
pond
  • pond
    A body of water, usually of smaller size than a lake.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000033
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
river bank
  • river bank
    The sloping margin of a river, serving to confine it to its natural channel.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000143
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
savanna
  • savanna
    A grassland of the tropics or subtropics with scattered trees.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000261
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
scrubland
  • scrubland
    Area covered with low-growing or stunted perennial vegetation and usually not mixed with trees.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000300
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
scrubland
  • scrubland
    Area covered with low-growing or stunted perennial vegetation and usually not mixed with trees.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000300
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
scrubland
  • scrubland
    Area covered with low-growing or stunted perennial vegetation and usually not mixed with trees.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000300
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
slope
  • slope
    The part of an elevation or depression between the relatively flat surrounding area and the peak of a mount or the bottom of a depression.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002000
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
stream
  • stream
    Linear body of water flowing on the Earth's surface.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000023
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
swamp
  • swamp
    A wetland that features permanent inundation of large areas of land by shallow bodies of water, generally with a substantial number of hummocks, or dry-land protrusions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000233
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
temperate
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
terrestrial biome
  • terrestrial biome
    A biome that applies to the terrestrial realm.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000446
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
terrestrial habitat
  • terrestrial habitat
    A habitat that is on or at the boundary of the surface of the Earth.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002009
IUCN  
Additional detail
tropical
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
wetland
  • wetland
    An area that is inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000043
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
woodland
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
woodland
Environments - EOL project  
 
habitat includes
Additional detail
Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
  • Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/temperate_broadleaf_and_mixed_forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Temperate Coniferous Forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
  • Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/temperate_grasslands_savannas_and_shrublands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
  • Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/tropical_and_subtropical_coniferous_forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
  • Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/tropical_and_subtropical_dry_broadleaf_forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
  • Tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/tropical_and_subtropical_grasslands_savannas_and_shrublands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
  • Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/tropical_and_subtropical_moist_broadleaf_forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
 
foraging habitat
Additional detail
terrestrial habitat
  • terrestrial habitat
    A habitat that is on or at the boundary of the surface of the Earth.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002009
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
interacts with
  • interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWith
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI