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Overview

Distribution

occurs (regularly, as a native taxon) in multiple nations

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National Distribution

United States

Origin: Exotic

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Present

Confidence: Confident

Type of Residency: Year-round

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Global Range: RESIDENT: Pacific lowlands from Colima south to central Costa Rica and locally in interior valleys and on the Caribbean slope of Guatemala and Honduras. INTRODUCED: established in southeastern Florida (AOU 1983).

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Physical Description

Size

Length: 24 cm

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Ecology

Habitat

Comments: Open woodland, deciduous forest, arid scrub, brushy areas (AOU 1983). In Florida: open woods, country, and gardens where tall trees present. BREEDING: Nests at end of branch in tall tree, often in yuccas in native range.

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Habitat and Ecology

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Migration

Non-Migrant: Yes. At least some populations of this species do not make significant seasonal migrations. Juvenile dispersal is not considered a migration.

Locally Migrant: No. No populations of this species make local extended movements (generally less than 200 km) at particular times of the year (e.g., to breeding or wintering grounds, to hibernation sites).

Locally Migrant: No. No populations of this species make annual migrations of over 200 km.

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Trophic Strategy

Comments: Largely a fruit and nectar feeder (Terres 1980).

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Life History and Behavior

Life Expectancy

Lifespan, longevity, and ageing

Maximum longevity: 11.6 years (wild)
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Reproduction

Clutch size 2-5. Eggs laid April-? in Florida; 2 broods per year. In Florida young hatched in early May and in July. (Terres 1980).

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Icterus pectoralis

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 3 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.

Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.

See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

CCTATACTTAATTTTCGGCGCATGAGCCGGAATAGTAGGTACCGCCCTAAGTCTCCTTATCCGAGCAGAACTAGGCCAACCTGGAGCCCTTCTAGGGGACGATCAGGTCTACAACGTAGTTGTCACGGCCCATGCTTTCGTGATAATCTTCTTCATAGTTATACCAATTATAATCGGAGGATTCGGCAACTGACTAGTCCCCCTAATAATCGGAGCCCCAGACATAGCATTCCCACGAATAAACAACATAAGCTTCTGACTTCTCCCCCCATCCTTCCTCCTCCTCCTAGCGTCCTCTACAGTCGAAGCAGGTGTAGGCACAGGCTGAACAGTATACCCCCCACTAGCAGGCAACCTAGCCCACGCCGGAGCCTCAGTCGACCTTGCAATTTTCTCCCTACACCTAGCTGGCATCTCTTCAATCCTAGGAGCAATCAACTTTATTACAACCGCAATCAACATAAAACCCCCTGCCCTCTCACAATACCAAACCCCCCTATTCGTATGATCGGTCTTAATTACCGCAGTGCTCCTGCTCCTATCCCTTCCAGTCCTTGCCGCAGGGATTACAATGCTCCTCACAGATCGCAACCTCAACACCACATTCTTCGACCCTGCCGGAGGAGGAGACCCCGTACTATACCAACATCTCNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
-- end --

Download FASTA File

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Icterus pectoralis

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 2
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: G5 - Secure

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IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2012

Assessor/s
BirdLife International

Reviewer/s
Butchart, S. & Symes, A.

Contributor/s

Justification
This species has a very large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). Despite the fact that the population trend appears to be decreasing, the decline is not believed to be sufficiently rapid to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size is very large, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
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Population

Population
Partners in Flight estimate the total population to number 50,000-499,999 individuals (A. Panjabi in litt. 2008).

Population Trend
Decreasing
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Wikipedia

Spot-breasted Oriole

The spot-breasted oriole (Icterus pectoralis) is a species of bird in the Icteridae family.

It is a mid-sized songbird and generally typical oriole. It is bright orange overall with a black bib and black spotting on the sides of the breast. The sexes are similar looking generally but females and juveniles are olive-green on the back and tail, dusky wings, and little or no black on face, throat, or breast.[2] Adults measure 21–24 cm (8.3–9.4 in) in length. Males weigh around 50 g (1.8 oz) on average, while females weigh 45 g (1.6 oz).[2][3] The wing bone measures 8.8–11.4 cm (3.5–4.5 in), the tail measures 8.5–11.2 cm (3.3–4.4 in), the culmen measures 1.9–2.4 cm (0.75–0.94 in) and the tarsus measures 2.6–3 cm (1.0–1.2 in).[4]

It is native to Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, and the United States.

Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forests, subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, and heavily degraded former forest.

The spot-breasted oriole ranges only on the Pacific side of Central America. An introduced breeding population also exists on the Atlantic coast of southern Florida. The population is considered to be established enough to be "countable" for birdwatchers by the ABA.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Icterus pectoralis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c [1]
  3. ^ CRC Handbook of Avian Body Masses by John B. Dunning Jr. (Editor). CRC Press (1992), ISBN 978-0849342585.
  4. ^ New World Blackbirds: The Icterids by Alvaro Jaramillo & Peter Burke. Christopher Helm Publishing (1999), ISBN 978-0713643336
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