Habitat and Ecology
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
There is one relatively substantial protected area in the Arfak and Tamrau mountains, the Pegunungan Arfak Nature Reserve, which currently covers 683 km2 but has been proposed for extension (Stattersfield et al. 1998). In addition there is a huge protected area proposed for the Tamrau mountains, the Pegunungan Tamrau Nature Reserve (Sujatnika et al. 1995).
The Arfak astrapia (Astrapia nigra) is a species of bird-of-paradise.
In the wild, the bird has hybridised with the black sicklebill creating offspring that were once considered a distinct species, the elliot's sicklebill Epimachus ellioti. While some ornithologists still believe that this bird is a distinct species, possibly critically endangered or even extinct, many now think it was a hybrid between the two species.
Protected by its geographical isolation and undisturbed forests home, the Arfak astrapia is evaluated as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. It is listed on Appendix II of CITES.
The Arfak astrapia is large, approximately 76 cm long, black, with an iridescent purple, green and bronze plumage. The male has a very long broad tail, velvety black breast feathers and extremely complex head plumage, although it often appears black. The male displays upside down. The female is a blackish brown with pale barring on its abdomen. The diet consists mainly of pandanus fruits.